2What is a verb?A verb (from the latin verbum, meaning “word”) is a word that tells what someone or something is or what someone or something is doing.Ex. Amber does her homework.Geoffrey is a senior.
3What is a verb tense?A verb tense is not what you feel before an exam, it is what tells us when the action of the verb happened, its time.Ex. I am not listening right now. (present tense)I came to class late. (past tense)
4There are seven simple tenses in Spanish. English namesSpanish namesPresent IndicativeImperfect indicativePreteriteFutureConditionalPresent subjunctiveImperfect subjunctivePresente indicativoImperfectoPretéritoFuturoCondicionalPresente de subjuntivoImperfecto de subjuntivo
5English examples of these tenses using the verb eat Presente indicativo: I eatImperfecto: I was eating, I used to eatPretérito: I ateFuture: I will eatCondicional: I would eatPresente de subjuntivo: I am happy that he eats vegetables.Imperfecto de subjuntivo: I am angry that she ate my Twinkies.
6Perfect tenses- These are called perfect because the action is complete. English namesSpanish namesPresent perfectPluperfect indicativeAnterior preteriteFuture perfectConditional perfectPresent perfect subjunctivePluperfect subjunctivePresente perfectoPlusuamperfecto de indicativoPretérito anteriorFuturo perfectoCondicional perfectoPresente perfecto subjuntivoPluscuamperfecto del subjuntivo
7Examples of perfect tenses with the verb to talk Presente perfecto: He has talked for a year.Plusuamperfecto de indicativo: He had talked until midnight.Futuro perfecto: She will have talked for a month on the phone.Condicional perfecto: He would have talked for a year but he got laryngitis.Presente perfecto subjuntivo: The teacher is mad that she has talked all class.Pluscuamperfecto del subjuntivo: The teacher is glad that she had stopped talking.
8To infinitive and beyond The infinitive is the form of the Spanish verb found in most dictionaries. It is called infinitive because it has no tense, therefore no time. It is translated to + verbEx. Comer = to eatlloriquear = to whinevivir = to live
9No conjugation, no action To be useful, an infinitive must be conjugated.A conjugated verb gives us the following information:- when the action occurs (tiempo)- who is doing the action (persona)- how many people are doing the action (número)- if the action is complete (aspecto)
10Example with the verb lloriquear (to whine) Yo lloriqueoTiempo: This is present tense, the action is happening now. (maybe as we speak)Persona: I am doing the action. (first person)Número: One person is doing the action. (singular)Aspecto: The action is seen as complete.
11Tipos de personaPrimera persona: I am talking about myself (yo) or us (nosotros/as)Segunda persona: I am talking to you (tú, usted) or you all (vosotros, ustedes)Tercera persona: I am talking about her (ella),him (él), or them (ellos, ellas)
12Conjugating a regular verb, no matter what the tense A regular verb is a verb that follows all the conjugation rules without doing anything strange.Rules1. drop the last two letters (er, ir, or ar) from the infinitive to get the stem or root.2. List the subject pronouns (yo, tú, etc.)3. Write the stem after the pronouns.4. Add the endings for the tense.
13Present tense with verb comer The stem is comYo comoTú comesÉl comeElla comeUsted comeNosotros/as comemosVosotros/as coméisEllos comenEllas comenUstedes comen