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The Present Perfect p. 331 Realidades 2
The Present Perfect In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has with the past participle of a verb: he has seen, have you tried?, they haven’t eaten.
The Present Perfect To form the past participle of a verb in Spanish, you add ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of most -er/-ir verbs.
The Present Perfect To form the present-perfect tense, we combine this past participle with the present tense of the verb haber.
The Present Perfect We generally use the Spanish present perfect in the same way we use its English equivalent.
The Present Perfect I have rented You have rented He, She Ithas rented We have rented They have rented
The Present Perfect he alquilado has alquilado ha alquiladohemos alquilado habéis alquilado han alquilado
The Present Perfect I have chosen You have chosen He, She Ithas chosen We have chosen They have chosen
The Present Perfect he escogido has escogido ha escogidohemos escogido habéis escogido han escogido
The Present Perfect I have decided You have decided He, She Ithas decided We have decided They have decided
The Present Perfect he decidido has decidido ha decididohemos decidido habéis decidido han decidido
The Present Perfect No he alquilado un video hoy.I haven’t rented a video today.
The Present Perfect Qué programa han escogido?What program have they chosen?
The Present Perfect Notice that when the past participle is used with forms of haber, the final -o never changes.
The Present Perfect Ricardo ha grabado su película favorita.Sus hermanos han grabado una telenovela.
The Present Perfect Certain verbs that have a double vowel in the infinitive form (except those with the double vowel ui ) require an accent mark on the i in the past participle.
The Present Perfect caído Caer Leer Oír Creer leído oído creído
The Present Perfect Notice that we place no and other negative words, object pronouns, and reflexive pronouns directly in front of the form of the verb haber.
The Present Perfect Has alquilado esa película alguna vez?No, no la he alquilado nunca.
The Present Perfect Some verbs have irregular past participles.Memorize this acronym: REVV MAC PHDD
R roto E escrito V visto V vuelto I impreso M muerto A abiertoC cubierto P puesto H hecho D dicho S satisfecho D devuelto Romper Escribir Ver Volver Impreso Morir Abrir Cubrir Poner Hacer Decir Satisfacer Devolver
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The letters r and rr Except at the beginning of a word or after l or n, the sound of the letter r is made as you raise the tip of your tongue and tap the.
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