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Forming questions & Using est-ce-que. French Question Words: Quand …. ? Pourquoi Où Comment Que / quoi Qui Avec qui À quelle heure When … ? Why Where.

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Presentation on theme: "Forming questions & Using est-ce-que. French Question Words: Quand …. ? Pourquoi Où Comment Que / quoi Qui Avec qui À quelle heure When … ? Why Where."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forming questions & Using est-ce-que

2 French Question Words: Quand …. ? Pourquoi Où Comment Que / quoi Qui Avec qui À quelle heure When … ? Why Where How What Who With whom At what time

3 First … Different ways to make a question: Statement: Tu joues aux cartes. To make it a question… Tu joues aux cartes Tu joues aux cartes, ? Est-ce que tu joues aux cartes ? nest-ce pas ? Joues-tu aux cartes ? (...right?) (Is it that…)

4 Focus on est-ce que: Est-ce que can be tacked on at the beginning of a sentence to indicate a question is coming. Est-ce que tu joues au basket? est-ce que can also be inserted into the sentence after a question word. Quand est-ce que tu joues au basket?

5 How would you make this statement a question with est-ce que? Vous jouez au tennis. Est-ce que vous jouez au tennis ?

6 Est-ce que – YES/NO questions Est-ce que by itself simply turns a statement into a question. Questions that begin with Est-ce que… will have YES / NO answers. Est-ce quil joue au tennis ? Oui, il joue... Non, il ne joue pas …

7 Est-ce que has no real meaning Est-ce que does not carry any true meaning, and is not translated. Literally, est-ce que = is it that. (In English, we often include the word do or does with questions– which doesnt necessarily carry any additional meaning either, except to make it a question) Est-ce que tu joues au tennis? ( Is it that you play tennis?) ( Do you play tennis?)

8 Remember…. Its the QUESTION FORMAT that you want to translate – not the words used in either language to make it a question. To translate: Do you play tennis? Would you translate the word DO ? Do you… makes it a question in English …. What would make it a question in French?

9 Est-ce que – with question words (quand, comment, pourquoi, etc…) Question words ask for MORE INFORMATION than just est-ce que alone. (Need more than a Y/N answer) Question words are followed by est-ce que, when the subject comes first in the rest of the sentence. (When the verb comes first in the rest of the sentence – inversion – you dont need est-ce que.)

10 Examples: Quand est-ce que tu joues au foot? When do (is it that) you play soccer? Pourquoi est-ce que tu aimes faire de la photo? Why do you like to do photography? Comment est-ce que tu fais du surf? How do you surf?

11 Cest à vous! – Translate the changing sentences. Elle danse ! Est-ce quelle danse ?Pourquoiest-ce qu elle danse ?QuandCommentOùAvec quiÀ quelle heure

12 Qui (Who) – does not need est-ce que (when its the subject): Qui joue de la guitare? Who plays guitar?

13 You dont need est-ce que when the verb directly follows the question word: Où va Paul? Where is Paul going? (Where goes Paul?) WITH ÊTRE: Où est mon portable? Where is my cell phone?

14 Another way to ask a question without est-ce que – Put the question word at the end: Paul va où ? Paul is going where? (When the question word is at the end, your voice goes up at the end.)

15 Contractions with que Que changes to qu before a vowel. Example: Est-ce que tu fais du sport ? Est-ce qu il fait du sport ?

16 The question word What What(?) is expressed in several different ways: Que fait Paul ? (What is Paul doing/making?) *Quest-ce que Paul fait ? (What is Paul doing/making?) Paul fait quoi ? (Paul doing/making what?) Il fait le gâteau avec quoi ? (Hes making the cake with what?) ( *Quest-ce qu i plaît à Paul ? - What is pleasing to Paul ? )

17 The question word Who Who doesnt change: Qui aime Paul ? (Who likes Paul?) Paul aime qui ? (Who m does Paul like?) Paul sort avec qui ? (Paul is going out with who m ?)


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