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Point de départ You have learned how to make affirmative and declarative statements in French. Now you will learn how to form questions and make negative statements. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions There are several ways to ask a question in French. The simplest way is to use the same wording as for a statement but with rising intonation (when speaking) or setting a question mark at the end (when writing). This method is considered informal. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions (continued) A second way is to place the phrase Est-ce que… directly before a statement. If the next word begins with a vowel sound, use Est-ce qu’. Questions with est-ce que are somewhat formal. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions (continued)A third way is to place a tag question at the end of a statement. This method can be formal or informal. A fourth way is to invert the order of the subject pronoun and the verb and hyphenate them. If the verb ends in a vowel and the subject pronoun is il or elle, -t- is inserted between the verb and the pronoun. Inversion is considered more formal. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions (continued) If the subject is a noun rather than a pronoun, invert the pronoun and the verb, and place the noun before them. The inverted form of il y a is y a-t-il. C’est becomes est-ce. Use pourquoi to ask why? Use parce que (parce qu’ before a vowel sound) in the answer to express because. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation To make a sentence negative in French, place ne (n’ before a vowel sound) before the conjugated verb and pas after it. In the construction [conjugated verb + infinitive], ne (n’) comes before the conjugated verb and pas after it. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation (continued) In questions with inversion, place ne before the inversion and pas after it. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation (continued) Use these expressions to respond to a statement or a question that requires a yes or no answer. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation (cont’d) Use si instead of oui to contradict a negative question. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Est-ce que vous mangez au resto U?Essayez! Make questions out of these statements. Use est-ce que/qu’ in items 1–6 and inversion in 7–12. 1. Vous mangez au resto U. 2. Ils adorent les devoirs. 3. La biologie est difficile. 4. Tu travailles. 5. Elles cherchent le prof. 6. Aude voyage beaucoup. 7. Vous arrivez demain. 8. L’étudiante oublie le livre. 9. La physique est utile. 10. Il y a deux salles de classe. 11. Ils n’habitent pas à Québec. 12. C’est le professeur de gestion. ____________________________ Est-ce que vous mangez au resto U? Arrivez-vous demain? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Point de départ You have learned how to make affirmative and declarative statements in French. Now you will learn how to form questions and make negative.
Français I – Leçon 2A Structures
Les négatifs et l’interrogation Grammaire A. L’élision/La liaison When a verb begins with a vowel or a silent h, “je” is shortened to j’. This is known.
Point de départ In Leçon 2A, you learned four ways to formulate yes or no questions in French. However, many questions seek information that can’t.
French – le 17 avril, 2013 Prenez vos cahiers;
Notes les septembre Les mots interrogatifs à quelle heure? – (at) what time? quand? – when? combien (de) – how much?/how many? comment? – how? où?
Notes le 2 novembre Les questions et la négation Questions and negation.
LES QUESTIONS en français.
—Et pourquoi ce ne serait pas pour vous, d’abord?
Les 5 façons de poser une question en français:
Forming questions & Using “est-ce-que”
Present tense inversion partitives
Questions d’ information
LES EXPRESSIONS L’INTERROGATION notes below • Intonation • Intonation
Inversion Question Formation. Question formation options There are three different ways to ask a question in French: ▫ Statement ? Tu parles français?
+ Mardi Gras and everything else As in the grammar stuff…
Inversion Question Formation
Point de départ In French, as in English, the subject of a verb is the person or thing that carries out the action. The verb expresses the action itself.
Questions with Inversion
Point de départ In order to talk about events in the past, French uses two principal tenses: the passé composé and the imperfect. In this lesson, you will.
Forming questions with inversion. L’interrogation avec inversion. In conversational French, questions are usually formed with est-ce que, or by adding.
The infinitives of most French verbs end in -er
Point de départ In order to talk about events in the past, French uses two principal tenses: the passé composé and the imperfect. In this lesson, you.
Forming Questions in French 1. Rising Intonation in Voice most common way to ask ?’s in conversational French ex. Richard est américain? S + V + obj …?
Point de départ In Leçon 1A, you saw a form of the verb aller (to go) in the expression ça va. Now you will use this verb to talk about going places.
Welcome to our French I Segment II Live Lesson! Today we will be reviewing: lessons and Lesson 07.04: Le verbe faire Lesson 07.05: Le négatif.
Answering Questions (AFFIRMATIVE ANSWERS ONLY)
What does an indirect object noun do? Answers the question to whom/for whom Replaces word à + noun (person ) Replaces an indirect object noun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Point de départ In French, as in English, the subject of a verb is the person or thing that carries out.
A Note the use of the subject pronoun on in the sentences below.
Point de départ Numbers in French follow patterns, as they do in English. First, learn the numbers 0–30. The patterns they follow will help you learn.
EN FRANÇAIS LES QUESTIONS. THERE ARE 3 WAYS TO ASK QUESTIONS IN FRENCH. 1. INTONATION 2. INVERSION 3. ADD EST-CE QUE LES QUESTIONS.
Infinitive: a verb in it’s original form. (to be) In English these start with “to”. In French, they end in “-er”, “-ir”, or “-re”. Conjugation: When you.
devoir to have to [must]; to owe vouloir to want
Betsy Potter. These are often called “stress pronouns” Singular Moi (me) Toi(you) Lui, elle, soi(him, her, oneself) Plural Nous (us) Vous(you) Eux,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Point de départ In Leçon 1A, you saw a form of the verb aller (to go) in the expression ça va. Now you will.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved. 1A.2-1 Point de départ Numbers in French follow patterns, as they do in English. First, learn.
Can you name some -ir verbs in French?. Grossir Maigrir Réussir à Dormir Choisir.
Le Passé Composé avec Avoir. Objective You will be able to form the passé composé of regular –er, -re, and –ir verbs that use avoir.
Notes les 9-13 novembre Pourquoi et parce que Questions that begin with pourquoi (why) are often answered with a sentence that contains parce que (because).
Avoir and Negation French I Unité 1. Avoir – to have When you form sentences in English or French, you change the verb to go with the subject. This is.
Vocabulaire leçon 8. Asking information questions: Follow the formula: Interrogative expression + est-ce que + subject + verb…..? Ex. Où est-ce que tu.
Questions. Tu aimes jouer au football? Tu aimes faire du vélo? Tu aimes faire du patin à glace? Are all of these questions yes/no questions? What’s the.
The pronouns y and en The pronoun y often represents a location. In this case, it usually means there. Nous allons en Côte d’Ivoire. We go to the Ivory.
Les pronoms direct: le, la, les
Inversion. 2 ways you already know to form yes/no questions Subject + verb? Est-ce que + subject + verb?
Les Verbes - ER La norm: Comparisons 4.1 Understanding the nature of language What is a « regular verb »? What is a « regular verb »? How are regular –ER.
Subject Pronouns in French. Subject Pronouns are really important as they help us learn verb conjugations In order to conjugate verbs in French we need.
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