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Point de départ You have learned how to make affirmative and declarative statements in French. Now you will learn how to form questions and make negative statements. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions There are several ways to ask a question in French. The simplest way is to use the same wording as for a statement but with rising intonation (when speaking) or setting a question mark at the end (when writing). This method is considered informal. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions (continued) A second way is to place the phrase Est-ce que… directly before a statement. If the next word begins with a vowel sound, use Est-ce qu’. Questions with est-ce que are somewhat formal. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions (continued)A third way is to place a tag question at the end of a statement. This method can be formal or informal. A fourth way is to invert the order of the subject pronoun and the verb and hyphenate them. If the verb ends in a vowel and the subject pronoun is il or elle, -t- is inserted between the verb and the pronoun. Inversion is considered more formal. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Forming questions (continued) If the subject is a noun rather than a pronoun, invert the pronoun and the verb, and place the noun before them. The inverted form of il y a is y a-t-il. C’est becomes est-ce. Use pourquoi to ask why? Use parce que (parce qu’ before a vowel sound) in the answer to express because. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation To make a sentence negative in French, place ne (n’ before a vowel sound) before the conjugated verb and pas after it. In the construction [conjugated verb + infinitive], ne (n’) comes before the conjugated verb and pas after it. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation (continued) In questions with inversion, place ne before the inversion and pas after it. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation (continued) Use these expressions to respond to a statement or a question that requires a yes or no answer. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Expressing negation (cont’d) Use si instead of oui to contradict a negative question. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Est-ce que vous mangez au resto U?Essayez! Make questions out of these statements. Use est-ce que/qu’ in items 1–6 and inversion in 7–12. 1. Vous mangez au resto U. 2. Ils adorent les devoirs. 3. La biologie est difficile. 4. Tu travailles. 5. Elles cherchent le prof. 6. Aude voyage beaucoup. 7. Vous arrivez demain. 8. L’étudiante oublie le livre. 9. La physique est utile. 10. Il y a deux salles de classe. 11. Ils n’habitent pas à Québec. 12. C’est le professeur de gestion. ____________________________ Est-ce que vous mangez au resto U? Arrivez-vous demain? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
+ Mardi Gras and everything else As in the grammar stuff…
Present tense inversion partitives
Verb conjugation, here we come!
Les pronoms direct: le, la, les
LES EXPRESSIONS L’INTERROGATION notes below • Intonation • Intonation
—Et pourquoi ce ne serait pas pour vous, d’abord?
Point de départ In order to talk about events in the past, French uses two principal tenses: the passé composé and the imperfect. In this lesson, you will.
The infinitives of most French verbs end in -er
Forming questions & Using “est-ce-que”
Questions d’ information
Français I – Leçon 2A Structures
Inversion Question Formation
Point de départ Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In French, adjectives are often used with the verb être to point out.
The pronouns y and en The pronoun y often represents a location. In this case, it usually means there. Nous allons en Côte d’Ivoire. We go to the Ivory.
French – le 17 avril, 2013 Prenez vos cahiers;
Le Passé Composé avec Avoir. Objective You will be able to form the passé composé of regular –er, -re, and –ir verbs that use avoir.
LES QUESTIONS en français.
What does an indirect object noun do? Answers the question to whom/for whom Replaces word à + noun (person ) Replaces an indirect object noun.
A Note the use of the subject pronoun on in the sentences below.
Point de départ Numbers in French follow patterns, as they do in English. First, learn the numbers 0–30. The patterns they follow will help you learn.
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