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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Point de départ You have learned how to make affirmative and declarative statements in French. Now you will learn how to form questions and make negative statements.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-2 Forming questions There are several ways to ask a question in French. The simplest way is to use the same wording as for a statement but with rising intonation (when speaking) or setting a question mark at the end (when writing). This method is considered informal.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-3 Forming questions (continued) A second way is to place the phrase Est-ce que… directly before a statement. If the next word begins with a vowel sound, use Est-ce qu. Questions with est-ce que are somewhat formal.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-4 Forming questions (continued) A third way is to place a tag question at the end of a statement. This method can be formal or informal. A fourth way is to invert the order of the subject pronoun and the verb and hyphenate them. If the verb ends in a vowel and the subject pronoun is il or elle, -t- is inserted between the verb and the pronoun. Inversion is considered more formal.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-5 Forming questions (continued) If the subject is a noun rather than a pronoun, invert the pronoun and the verb, and place the noun before them. The inverted form of il y a is y a-t-il. Cest becomes est-ce. Use pourquoi to ask why? Use parce que (parce qu before a vowel sound) in the answer to express because.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-6 Expressing negation To make a sentence negative in French, place ne (n before a vowel sound) before the conjugated verb and pas after it. In the construction [conjugated verb + infinitive], ne (n) comes before the conjugated verb and pas after it.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-7 Expressing negation (continued) In questions with inversion, place ne before the inversion and pas after it.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-8 Expressing negation (continued) Use these expressions to respond to a statement or a question that requires a yes or no answer.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-9 Expressing negation (contd) Use si instead of oui to contradict a negative question.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A Vous mangez au resto U. 2.Ils adorent les devoirs. 3.La biologie est difficile. 4.Tu travailles. 5.Elles cherchent le prof. 6.Aude voyage beaucoup. 7.Vous arrivez demain. 8.Létudiante oublie le livre. 9.La physique est utile. 10.Il y a deux salles de classe. 11.Ils nhabitent pas à Québec. 12.Cest le professeur de gestion. Essayez! Make questions out of these statements. Use est-ce que/qu in items 1–6 and inversion in 7–12. ____________________________ Est-ce que vous mangez au resto U? Arrivez-vous demain?
Français I – Leçon 2A Structures Present tense of regular –er verbs.
Continué... Two types of questions Yes/no questions Information questions 3 ways to write a question in French Intonation Voice rises at the end Est-ce.
1.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Forming questions Rising intonation is the simplest way to ask a question. Just say the same words as.
Forming questions & Using est-ce-que. French Question Words: Quand …. ? Pourquoi Où Comment Que / quoi Qui Avec qui À quelle heure When … ? Why Where.
LINTERROGATION notes below Introduction Yes/no questions - Information questions Intonation Intonation Est-ce que/ Est-ce que/ nest-ce pas? nest-ce pas?
Le français I Chapitre 9 Grammaire 2. Present tense Review the ending of regular –er, -ir and –re verbs parler choisir vendre je tu il/elle/on nous vous.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.1-1 The infinitives of most French verbs end in -er. To form the present tense of regular -er verbs, drop the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Point de départ Numbers in French follow patterns, as they do in English. First, learn the numbers 0–30.
+ Mardi Gras and everything else As in the grammar stuff…
© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Point de départ In order to talk about events in the past, French uses two principal tenses: the passé composé
Inversion Question Formation. Question formation options There are three different ways to ask a question in French: Statement ? Tu parles français? Est-ce.
Questions with Inversion French I Unité 4 Leçon 16.
Les verbes réguliers en -er. Regular Verbs There are three sets of regular verb conjugations in French. Verbs that end in ER, IR, and RE. They all follow.
Les pronoms. Introduction We use pronouns to replace nouns in sentences so that our speech is less repetitive. Example: The dog is called Marta. John.
Unite 3: Leçon 6 Pages Verb conjugation, here we come!
er verb conjugation Refresher: what is conjugation? Conjugation is changing the verb to match the subject of the sentence. (The subject is the person.
En classele 21 mars La question Les objectifs: Understand question words / phrases Form accurate questions Take a risk!
The Basic Outline Les pronoms direct: le, la, les The direct object: to find the direct object of the sentence ask the question what or who of the verb.
Aller To go. Aller Je vais Tu vas Il va Elle va On va Nous_allons Vous_allez Ils vont Elles vont.
-er verbs. In order to read and write in French, we need to be able to make sentences. Sentences in French are made up of the same elements as in English:
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs. Verbs express actions or states.
4.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Negation and indefinite adjectives and pronouns Pourquoi tu nas rien dit?
Lordre de pronoms Sometimes you may wish to replace two objects in a sentence with pronouns. In this lesson we will see where and what order to place the.
I NTRODUCTION TO F RENCH S UBJECT P RONOUNS Lesson.
Le Pronom Y Cathryn Apted, Pd. 4A Y replaces a preposition of place (chez, dans, à la/au, etc.), and means there The order changes from: subject verb object.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The.
How to introduce yourself in French And an introduction to les verbs reflexifs.
Les pronoms le, la, les me, te, nous, vous Direct Object Pronouns.
Pourquoi? To avoid restating a place or location, replace it with the pronoun y. The various rules are similar to the pronoun ens. Y also replaces any.
© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Point de départ Use the subjunctive with verbs and expressions of will and emotion. Verbs and expressions.
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