1 LES EXPRESSIONS L’INTERROGATION notes below • Intonation • Intonation • IntroductionYes/no questions - Information questions• Intonation • Intonation• Est-ce que/ • Est-ce que/n’est-ce pas? n’est-ce pas?• Inversion • Inversion• quoi, qu’est-ce que, quelLES EXPRESSIONSINTERROGATIVES• Compound interrogatives• Shortened formsBonjour tout le monde!Thank you for your interest in my power points!Please see the overview section. This information will also be on the CD.-Sue Cotter.
2 Yes/No Questions Intonation • Start with a statement : Tu vas au cinéma.• Put a question mark at the end :Tu vas au cinéma ?• Raise the pitch of your voice as youget to the end of the question :Tu vas au cinéma?I tried to keep the way you go about forming a question the same for each type of question so the students could get into a pattern.
3 Yes/No Questions Inversion • If the verb ends in a vowel, insert -t- continued• If the verb ends in a vowel, insert -t-between the inverted subject and verb :il aelle visite• You can use a person’s name or othernoun with inversion :Marie, va-t-elle avec nous?Le train, est-il à l’heure?→ a-t-il→ a il→ visite elle→ visite-t-elleIf you want, you can tell them that the “– t –” didn’t come out of thin air, it’s like the ils plural form of the verb.You might want to tell them that when an inverted verb ends in a “d”, then the “d” is pronounced like a “t” : vend-il, prend-elle, etc.You could also remind them that the redundancy of Marie, va-t-elle is not usually done in English. I tend to do it though, and it drives my mother crazy -even after all these years!
4 Information Questions Inversion • Start with a statement that providesinformation :Tu vas au cinéma.• Form an inverted question :Vas-tu au cinéma?• Choose the correct question word forthe information and put it at the beginning :Où vas-tu?There is no need to raise the pitch of your voice.“There is no need to raise the pitch of your voice” - see est-ce que questions.I have heard questions like Où tu vas? but it seems to be pretty slangy or, as I’ve particularly noticed in movies, to give the impression that someone is kind of “rough”. Please correct me if I’m wrong - .
5 Information Questions quoi • Use quoi like you do in an informationquestion with intonation by starting with astatement that provides information :Tu veux une nouvelle voiturepour ton anniversaire.• Substitute quoi for the information :Tu veux quoi pour ton anniversaire?• There is no need to raise the pitch of yourvoice as you get to the end of the question.“There is no need to raise the pitch of your voice” - see est-ce que questions.
6 EXPRESSIONS INTERROGATIVES • qui est-ce qui • qu’est-ce qui There are four interrogative expressions :• qui est-ce qui• qu’est-ce quiThey are divided into two parts :• The meaning• The grammatical function• qui est-ce que• qu’est-ce que– Are you talking abouta person or a thing?These expressions were always a problem But, after this explanation they seemed to “get it”.As in the other part of the presentation, the colors serve only to relate items on a single slide.– Do you needa subject or a direct object?
7 Shortened forms • Some interrogatives can be shortened. • You may have to invert the subject and verb.qui est-ce qui → qui• Combine the “qui” and drop the inverted est-ce :Qui est-ce qui arrive à la porte? →Qui arrive à la porte?qui est-ce que → qui + inversion• Drop the verbal question mark est-ce que :Qui est-ce que tu invites au cinéma? →Qui invites-tu au cinéma?I tried to keep this as consistent with the others as possible.This is the only time I used purple. I wanted to show that the blue and red combine, sort of.You could tell them that when you drop the est-ce que you have to invert. As I said previously, I have heard questions like Qui tu invites? but it seems to be pretty slangy . No offense intended, but I think students should avoid this construction.