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You know that direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns. The direct object pronouns lo, la, los, and las can refer to both objects and people.

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Presentation on theme: "You know that direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns. The direct object pronouns lo, la, los, and las can refer to both objects and people."— Presentation transcript:

1 You know that direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns. The direct object pronouns lo, la, los, and las can refer to both objects and people. The pronouns me, te, nos, and os refer only to people. Here are all the direct object pronouns: Direct object pronouns: me, te, nos

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3 Remember that in Spanish the subject and the verb ending tell who does the action and the direct object pronoun indicates who receives the action. ¿Me ayudas, por favor? Can you help me please? Direct object pronouns: me, te, nos

4 Direct object pronouns usually come right before the conjugated verb. When an infinitive follows a conjugated verb, the direct object pronoun can be placed before the first verb or attached to the infinitive. ¡No te entiendo! Quieren llevarnos al centro. Direct object pronouns: me, te, nos

5 Some verbs have irregular affirmative tú commands. To form many of these commands, take the yo form of the present tense and drop the -go: Irregular affirmative tú commands

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7 Hacer, ser, and ir have irregular tú command forms that must be memorized. Irregular affirmative tú commands —¿Cómo se va a la carretera? —Sal de aquí y sigue derecho hasta el tercer semáforo.

8 If you use a direct object pronoun with an affirmative command, attach the pronoun to the command. When a pronoun is added to a command of two or more syllables, a written accent mark is needed over the stressed vowel. Josefina, ¡hazlo ahora mismo! Martín, ayúdame. Irregular affirmative tú commands

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10 Some verbs have irregular present participle forms. To form the present participle of -ir stem-changing verbs, the e in the infinitive form changes to i, and the o in the infinitive form changes to u: decir: diciendopedir: pidiendo repetir: repitiendoseguir: siguiendo servir: sirviendovestir: vistiendo dormir: durmiendo Present progressive: irregular forms

11 In the following -er verbs, the i of -iendo changes to y. creer: creyendo leer: leyendo traer: trayendo When you use object pronouns with the present progressive, you can put them before the conjugated form of estar or attach them to the present participle. Present progressive: irregular forms

12 Notice that if a pronoun is attached to the present participle, an accent mark is needed.Write the accent mark over the vowel that is normally stressed in the present participle. —¿Están Uds. esperando el autobús? —Sí, lo estamos esperando. o: Sí, estamos esperándolo. Present progressive: irregular forms

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