Plot Chart Elements Exposition: the beginning of a story, where all is introduced Rising Action: the basic conflict is introduced in the story and complicated by other secondary conflicts, including the obstacles that the protagonist may have overcome Climax: the height of the story where a major turning point occurs
Plot Chart Elements Falling Action: conflict in the story begins to unravel, right before the ending. Story begins to be solved. Resolution: conflicts are resolved in the story, creating an ending for both the characters and the reader “Toto, I don’t know what to do now that the story resolved itself!”
Setting Where the story takes place The historical moment in time The geographical location Cultural/societal context clues “IDK Bob, IUBB in 2012 at Assembly Hall is pretty sweet.” “There was no better place than Assembly Hall for IU basketball in the 1970’s and 80’s!!”
Suspense A feeling of curiosity, uncertainty, or even dread about what is going to happen next in a story Writer threatens the central character Foreshadowing Conveys a reality different from what is expected
Conflict Struggle between opposing forces External Conflict (character against outside force) Internal Conflict (character against character’s self)
Protagonist Main character in a story Often times, the good guy
Antagonist Character/force that conflicts with the main character protagonist) Often times, the bad guy
Theme The central message about life or human nature in a piece of literature Stated outright or implied in text with clue Examples: Tradition, Sacrifice, Coming of Age, Authority, Love
Symbolism An object, person, place, or experience that represents something else Wedding ring is a symbol for love and promise Bat signal is a symbol to send for Batman
Mood Mood is the emotional quality of a literary work. A writer’s choice of language, subject matter, setting, tone, and sound devices like rhyme and rhythm all help create the mood. Mood evokes emotion.
Mood What would be the mood for the following movies as examples?
Irony The contrast between appearance an reality; what is expected and what actually happens
Point of View From whose point the story is told 1 st person: the “I” form 2 nd person: very rare; the “you” form 3 rd person limited: narrator reveals observations of only one character; he or she 3 rd person omniscient: narrator reveals observations about everything; all knowing What point of view have our stories been told in so far?
Characterization The methods a writer uses to reveal the personality of a character TWO TYPES! Indirect Characterization: the writer reveals a character through that individual’s words, thoughts and actions and through what other characters think and say Direct Characterization: the writer makes explicit statements about a character
Tone A reflection of the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject matter Communicated through words and details that express particular emotions Examples: sadness, lightheartedness, respect As we read, look at what the language suggests the tone is!
The Landlady Listen and follow along as I read the following story by Roald Dahl aloud. Highlight words that are unfamiliar in one color Highlight passages that are interesting or seem important to the story
Partner Work Working with a partner, you will identify the literature terms we went over at the beginning of class in “The Landlady” Using your highlighters, you will highlight the passage in the story that represents the term. Label the term above the highlighting.
On the back of the last page, draw a plot chart and fill in the five elements of plot based on the story. Highlight the setting of the story Highlight a moment in the story that creates suspense Highlight a moment that represents the conflict of the story Highlight the names of the protagonist and antagonist Highlight a passage that best represents the mood of the story Highlight a passage that shows the characterization of the protagonist
Homework Answer the reading questions, 1-8, on the last page of the story packet. Please write in complete sentences. Period 2: Due Tuesday 8/6 Periods 1, 4, 5: Due Wednesday 8/7