ELEMENTS OF A STORY AKA the Plot Pyramid Plot= sequence of events in a story.
EXPOSITION The background information of a story Introduces setting, situation and characters
Inciting incident Sparks the conflict; event that sets the conflict into motion
CONFLICT Major problem of the story that must be solved by the end. Struggle between opposing forces: external and internal.
RISING ACTION The events of a story building suspense What leads up to the climax
CLIMAX The turning point of the story Highest point of emotional intensity (for characters!)
FALLING ACTION The events winding down in the story Leading towards the resolution
RESOLUTION The final outcome of a story resolves the major conflict of the story
Terms Essential for Telling and Understandi ng Short Stories
THEME A central idea or statement that unifies and controls and entire literary work. Basically, the moral or message of the story. Must ALWAYS be in sentence form. NEVER just one word.
SYMBOLS A word, place, character, or object that means something beyond what it concretely means. EX: a dove =peace
IMAGERY Creating“mental pictures” by using lots of colorful language that actually paints a vision, employing your five senses. EX: The sun erupted from its slumber showering the morning with blazing shades of crimson and burnt orange.
TONE Author’s attitude toward a subject Described as an adjective: ex. humorous, angry, delighted, mock- serious MOOD The feeling or atmosphere a writer creates in a work.
SETTING Time and place of the action of a story.
CHARACTERIZATION The way of describing characters and revealing their personalities.
DYNAMIC CHARACTER Characters that undergo change STATIC CHARACTER Characters that do not change.
Allusion Indirect reference to another literary work or famous person, place, or event.
Foreshadowing: Use of hints or clues to indicate events and situations that will occur later in the plot. Creates SUSPENSE and prepares reader for what is to come. Suspense: Excitement or tension readers feel as they become involved in the story and eager to know the outcome.
IRONY Difference from what is expected; contrast between appearance and reality. Situational : contrast between what a reader expects and what actually happens. Dramatic : reader knows more than the character Verbal : says one thing means another