Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Novels/Short Stories.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Novels/Short Stories."— Presentation transcript:

1 Novels/Short Stories

2 NOVEL A long fictional story, whose length is normally somewhere between one hundred and five hundred pages Uses the elements of storytelling: PLOT, CHARACTER, SETTING, THEME, and POINT OF VIEW

3 SHORT STORY A short fictional prose narrative that usually makes up about 10 to 20 book pages Follows the elements of plot-introduction/exposition, complications/rising action, climax, falling action, resolution 1st written in the 19th century More limited than novels-usually have only 1 or 2 major characters and one important setting

4 PLOT The series of related events that make up a story
INTRODUCTION/ EXPOSITION: tells us who the characters are and, usually, what their conflict is COMPLICATIONS/RISING ACTION: arise as the characters take steps to resolve the conflict CLIMAX: the most exciting moment in the story, when the outcome is decided one way or another FALLING ACTION: final part of a story when the characters’ problems are solved RESOLUTION: the story is closed

5 CONFLICT A struggle or clash between opposing characters, or between opposing forces. INTERNAL CONFLICT: a struggle occurs within the character’s own mind Man vs. self EXTERNAL CONFLICT: a character struggles against some outside force Man vs. man Man vs. nature Man vs. society

6 POINT OF VIEW The vantage point from which a story is told
OMNISCIENT: All knowing, the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems; past, present, and future 3RD PERSON LIMITED: the narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of just one character 1ST PERSON: one of the characters is actually telling the story, using the personal pronoun “I”

7 The time and place of a story or play
SETTING The time and place of a story or play

8 ATMOSPHERE/MOOD The overall mood or emotion of a work of literature
Ex: scary, dreamy, happy, sad Atmosphere is created through a writer’s use of words to create images, sounds, and descriptions that convey a particular feeling.

9 CHARACTER A person, animal, or thing in a story, play, or other literary work. Static character: one who does NOT change very much throughout the story or piece of work Dynamic character: one who changes as a result of the story’s events.

10 PROTAGONIST The main character in a work of literature
ANTAGONIST: a character who is opposing the protagonist

11 CHARACTERIZATION The process of revealing the personality of a character. 6 ways to reveal characterization By letting us HEAR THE CHARACTER SPEAK By DESCRIBING how the character LOOKS AND DRESSES By letting us LISTEN to the CHARACTER’S INNER THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS By revealing what OTHER PEOPLE IN THE STORY THINK OR SAY about the character By showing us WHAT THE CHARACTER DOES By TELLING US DIRECTLY what the character’s personality is like (i.e. cruel, kind, sneaky, brave, and so on)

12 FORESHADOWING The use of clues or hints suggesting events that will occur later in the plot Used to build suspense or anxiety in the reader

13 SUSPENSE The uncertainty or anxiety we feel about what will happen next in a story

14 FLASHBACK Interruption in the present action of a plot to flash backward and tell what happened at an earlier time FLASH FORWARD: a break in the movement of a plot to an episode in the future

15 IRONY A contrast between what appears to be true and what is really true or between expectation and reality VERBAL IRONY-contrast between what is said or written and what is really meant SITUATIONAL IRONY-occurs when what happens is very different from what we expected would happen DRAMATIC IRONY-occurs when the audience or reader knows something that a character does not know

16 TONE The attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character Conveyed through the writer’s choice of words and detail EX: humorous, sad, serious

17 THEME A main idea of a work of literature NOT the same as a subject
Theme must be expressed in a statement or sentence, not just one word

Download ppt "Novels/Short Stories."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google