# The Scientific Process Learning Target: I can generate and evaluate a question that can be answered through a scientific investigation, as well as plan.

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The Scientific Process Learning Target: I can generate and evaluate a question that can be answered through a scientific investigation, as well as plan and conduct an investigation, collect data and come to a conclusion about that data.

Steps of the Scientific Process

Identify a Problem/Question Research Use your resources to find out what people already know about it Use: Books, Journals, Magazines, Internet, TV, Videos, or even Interview Experts

Identify Variables Dependent Variable… same as the Responding Variable… when you graph, it goes on the Y-axis Manipulated Variable… same as the Independent Variable… when you graph, it goes on the X-axis

Identify Variables  Independent Variable- the variable you are choosing to change  Dependent Variable- the variable you are expecting to be affected because you changed the independent variable  Controlled Variables- all the variables that stay the same for each experiment  VALIDITY- having a controlled experiment

Make a Prediction to form a Hypothesis First, make an educated guess or a prediction for what you THINK the answer is - THEN - Format a hypothesis based on that prediction

Form a TESTABLE Hypothesis  The “If Statement” of your hypothesis is the INDEPENDENT VARIABLE  The “Then Statement” is the DEPENDENT VARIABLE and is the effect from the “if statement”  The “Because Statement” should be the scientific reasoning explaining why the “if” causes the “then”.  Make sure your “because” statement is proving to me that you know the content

Let’s Practice!

Design and Conduct Experiment  Tips for writing clear procedures  Number them!  Include pictures where helpful  Details- how much? When? How often?  1 action per procedure  What data will you record?  When will you record it?  Where will you record it?

Let’s Practice  Grab a piece of colored scratch paper and a partner  You can cut a half sheet in half again to share with your partner  On the piece of paper, write a NICE message to your partner and sign your name  Without them seeing, hide the piece of paper somewhere in this classroom  Next, write detailed procedures to tell them where to find the piece of paper  If they find it without cheating, you pass!  I’m ALWAYS watching…

Collect and Analyze Data/Observations Class Period Pizzalato’s Anxiety Level/10 Day 1Day 2Day 3Average 3rd9636 4th7867 5th5233.33 6th4433.67 Compare and look for trends and patterns using graphs

Draw Conclusions Was my hypothesis supported by the data? MUST USE: CLAIM-EVIDENCE-COMMENTARY FORMAT RELIABILITY- completing the same experiment 3 times!

Use Conclusion to Develop New Hypotheses (multiple) Now I want to know… *Make sure it’s still related to your original experiment

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