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World Geography The Worlds People.

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Presentation on theme: "World Geography The Worlds People."— Presentation transcript:

1 World Geography The Worlds People

2 Major Themes Culture Population Government & Economy
Global Connections

3 Culture Is the set of beliefs, values, and practices that a group of people have in common. Language, religion, clothes, food Culture may change overtime How does culture change?

4 Cultural Traits Is an activity or behavior in which people often take part Language, sports, how you eat

5 Culture Groups Culture Region Cultural Diversity
An area in which people have many shared culture traits.l Language, religion, Or lifestyle Arab culture Cultural Diversity Ethnic Group: is a group of people who share a common culture and ancestry. East Africa Cultural Diversity: is the state of having a variety of cultures in the same area United States

6 Changes in Culture Innovation: A new idea or way of doing something.
Contact with other people also promote changes in culture Cultural Diffusion: The spread of culture traits from one region to another Movement

7 Main idea The study of population patterns helps geographers learn about the world Population statistics and trends are important measures of population change

8 Population The total number of people in a given area.
Population patterns help geographers learn about the world it is a very important part of geography Population Density A measure of the number of people in a living area. Persons per square mile. Japan high rate of pop. Density Australia low rat of pop. density

9 Population 3 key statistics Birthrate Death Rate Migration
The annual number of births per 1000 people Death Rate The annual number or deaths per 1000 people Migration The process of moving from one place to live in another

10 NATURAL INCREASE Number of birthrate minus the death rate

11 Main Idea Governments of the world include democracy, republic, monarchy, dictatorship & communism Different economic systems exist throughout the world Geographers group countries based on their level of economic development

12 Government & Economy The worlds countries have different governments and levels of economic development

13 Government Democracy Is a form of government in which the people elect leaders and rule by majority Government by the people Citizens choose the leaders Elect members of congress, who make laws, and the president who enforces the law Protects freedoms & rights of citizens

14 United States Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition

15 Republic Supreme power rests in the body of citizens
Head of State: President Citizens elect representatives Similar to Democracy Ancient Greece & Rome

16 Other governments Monarchy Oldest type in the world
Ruled directly by a king or queen Saudi Arabia Some only king has the power Others are democratic monarchies People have some say

17 Dictatorship Single, powerful ruler who has total control Dictator
Iraq Saddam Hussein People are not free

18 Communism Political system in which the government owns all property and dominates all aspects of life in a country China Cuba North Korea

19 Economy Is a system that includes all of the activities that people and businesses do to earn a living.

20 Economy Traditional Economy
A system in which the people grow their own food and make their own goods

21 Economy Market Economy
Is a system based on private ownership, free trade, and competition. Prices are determined by the supply and demand of the product

22 Economy Command Economy
A system in which the central government makes all economic decisions. Goods, prices, and how much to make Communism

23 Economic Development Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Is the value of all goods and services produced within a country in a singe year. Population– economist use population to determine GDP.

24 Economic Development Developed Countries Developing Countries
Countries with strong economies and a high quality of life Examples????? Developing Countries Countries with less productive economies and a lower quality of life Examples: Guatemala, Nigeria, Afghanistan

25 Global Connections Fast, easy global connections have made cultural exchange, trade, and a cooperative world community possible Globalization The process in which countries are increasingly linked to each other through culture and trade

26 Global Culture Popular Culture
Refers to the culture traits that are well known and widely accepted Food, music, sports, and movies

27 Global Trade Interdependence
Is the source of reliance of one country on the resources and goods, or services of another country. Automobile Industry

28 World Community United Nations (UN) Humanitarian Aid
Is an organization of the worlds countries that promotes peace and security around the globe. What kinds of conflicts would the UN work to solve? Humanitarian Aid Assistance to people in distress Red Cross

29 Questions Comments

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