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Chapter 3-1 Vocabulary Death Rate –  Number of deaths per year out of every 1,000 people Birthrate –  Number of children born each year for every 1,000.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3-1 Vocabulary Death Rate –  Number of deaths per year out of every 1,000 people Birthrate –  Number of children born each year for every 1,000."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3-1 Vocabulary Death Rate –  Number of deaths per year out of every 1,000 people Birthrate –  Number of children born each year for every 1,000 people Famine–  Severe lack of food Population Density –  Average number of people living in a square mile or square kilometer Urbanization –  Growth of cities Emigrate –  To leave a country and move to another

2 Chapter 3-1 Notes (World Population) I. Population Growth A. World’s pop. has ______ quickly over the past 200 years. (6 billion) B.__________ rates have decreased due to better health care and living conditions. C.Higher _________ rates exist in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. D.Famine, lack of water, and lack of housing are results of a rapid _____________increase. II.Where People Live A.__________ tend to live in areas that have fertile soil, mild climate, natural resources, and water. B.The average number of people living in a sq. mile is population _____________. grown Death birth population People density

3 III. Types of Migration A.Moving from place to place within a country is ________migration which often leads to ___________. (rural to urban) B.People who leave their birth country are ___________, and become ____________, in their new country. IV. Reasons People Move A.“________ Factors” convince people to leave because of negative factors. B.“________ Factors” attract people to another place (employment). C.___________ are people who are forced to flee their country due to wars, persecution, and disasters. D.A rapid increase in ____________ means fewer resources, water shortages, and lack of food. internal urbanization emigrants immigrants Push Pull Refugees population

4 Chapter 3-2 Vocabulary Culture –  Way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs Ethnic Group –  People with a common language, history, religion, and some physical traits Dialect–  Local form of language that may have a distinct vocabulary and pronunciation Democracy –  Form of limited government in which power rests with the people, and all citizens share in running the government Dictatorship –  Form of government in which a leader rules by force and typically limits citizen’s freedom

5 Chapter 3-2 Vocabulary Monarchy –  Government led by a king or queen who inherited power by being born into ruling family Cultural Diffusion –  Process of spreading ideas, languages, and customs from one culture to another Culture Region –  Area that includes different countries that share similar cultural traits Globalization –  Development of a world-wide culture with an interdependent economy

6 Chapter 3-2 Notes (Global Cultures) I. What is Culture? A.___________ - way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs. (food, music, etc.) B.______________ is a group of people who have a common origin and share a language and history. II. Government and Economy A. People need _________ in order to live together without conflict. B._____________ Government set the limit on the power of the government officials. 1.___________ - people elect officials to make and enforce laws 2.______________________ – monarch is the head of state Culture Ethnic group rules Limited Democracy Constitutional Monarchy

7 C.________________ Government gives power to the ruler(s). 1. ________________ - one person ruler. 2. _________________ - kings and queens born into power. D.____________ includes the way people earn a living, use resources, and trade w/ nations. III. Cultural Change A.Modern technology has brought the world closer together and as a result has led to ________________. B._________________ are changing the world and is changing faster every year. (Example: Internet) C.Ideas, languages, and customs are spread from one group to another through _______________________. Unlimited Dictatorship Absolute Monarchy Economy globalization Inventions cultural diffusion

8 Chapter 3-3 Vocabulary Natural Resource –  Material from the Earth that people use to meet their needs Renewable Resource –  Natural resource that can be replaced naturally or grown again Nonrenewable Resource–  Natural resource that such as a mineral that cannot be replaced Economic System –  System that sets rules for deciding what goods and services to produce, how to produce them, and who will receive them Developed Country –  Country with an economy that has a mix of agriculture, great deal of manufacturing, and service industries and that is very productive and provides their people with a high standard of living

9 Chapter 3-3 Vocabulary Developing Country –  Country that has limited industry, where agriculture remains important, incomes are generally low Newly Industrialized Country –  Country that is creating new manufacturing and business Export–  To sell goods or resources to other countries Import –  To buy resources or goods from other countries Tariff –  Tax added to the price of goods that are imported Free Trade  Removal of trade restrictions so that goods flow freely among countries

10 Chapter 3-3 Vocabulary Interdependence –  Condition that exists when countries rely on each other for ideas, goods, services, and markets

11 Chapter 3-3 Notes (Resources, Technology, and World Trade) I. Natural Resources A. People use the Earth’s ___________ resources to meet their needs. B. ___________ resources can’t be used up and can be replaced (sun). C. ________________ resources are limited and can’t be replace (oil). II. Economic Systems A. ___________ Economy - meet needs based on traditional customs. B. ___________ Economy government makes all the decisions. C.___________ Economy individuals decide what to produce and how much to produce. D. _________ Economy a blend of several economies. (most nations) natural Renewable Nonrenewable Traditional Command Market Mixed

12 III.Developed and Developing Countries A.Geographers define a country on how __________ its economy is. B.______________ – has some agriculture, much manufacturing, service industries, and a high incomes and technology C._________ – depend on farming, little industry, and low incomes. D.___________________ – becoming a developed economy IV.World Trade and Interdependence A.Resources are not evenly distributed so countries are ________________ of one another. B.Nations ________ (sell) extra resources and/or ________ (buy) resources from other countries. C.Some governments place __________ on imported goods, while many countries push for _______________to remove tariffs. developed Developed Developing Newly industrialized interdependent exportimport tariffs free trade

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