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World Geography Chapter 3 Population and Culture
Demography the study of populations- including such topics as birth, marriage, migration, and death
Culture The way of life of a group of people with common traditions, interests, and beliefs. A total way of life.
Birth Rate Number of births per year for every 1,000 people. Death Rate Number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people.
The difference between the birth and death rate is called Natural Birth Rate.Zero Population Growth Birth and Death Rates are the same.
Population DistributionPopulation Pattern- Show where the people are living. Very small percentage of the earth has people living on it.
Migration Movement of people and animals Immigration Moving into a country Emigration Moving out of a country
Population Density The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer.
Urbanization The growth of cities Rural The country side- outside the urban and suburban areas
Industrial RevolutionStarted the urban movement People moved to cities to find work
Social Organization the family is the most important unit of social organization. Social Classes birth or wealth?
Language All cultures have language Same language= Same culture
Religion helps people answer basic questions about the meaning and purpose of life
Diffusion the spread of cultural traits from one culture to another Acculturation the process of adapting traits from other cultures
Cultural Diffusion The spread of people, ideas, and goods from one culture to another Trade and travel encouraged WAR
Internet and Television
Cultural Hearths The places where civilizations began Egypt- Nile River Valley Iraq- Mesopotamia Pakistan- Indus River Valley China- Huang He River Valley
Mayan Civilization Southern Mexico, Guatemala, & Belize Inca Civilization Peru, Colombia, & Bolivia
Cultural Regions Areas of the earth where certain cultures dominate (this book is divided in 10)
1. Clearly defined territory 2. Population 3. Sovereignty Four specific characteristics that define a country 1. Clearly defined territory 2. Population 3. Sovereignty 4. Government
Territory Land and water within a countries boundaries and all of its natural resources
Population Citizens of a country are afforded protection by the government Citizens of a country must serve their government
Sovereignty a country that can rule itself by establishing its own policies and determining its own course of action
Government Political System the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies and provides for its common needs
Unitary One central government runs the nation Great Britain, Japan, and France ( Parliamentary government)
Federal System the power is shared between the national and state governments
Confederation smaller political units keep their sovereignty and give the central government only very limited powers. Commonwealth of Independent States
Authoritarian governmentthe government is more important than individual freedom The leaders hold all, or nearly all, political power
Dictatorship government in which one leader has full power over a country
Totalitarianism the government tries to control every part of society Nazi Germany- Hitler Soviet Union- Stalin
Monarchy Kings, queens, pharaohs, shahs, sultans- inherit their positions by being born into the ruling family
Democracy a form of government in which the people of a country vote for their leaders the people have the power to set government policy
Free Enterprise private businesses operate with little interference from government Capitalism economic system based on free enterprise
Communism requires the state to make all the economic decisions the state owns and operates all the major farms, factories, utilities, and stores
Socialism the state should own and run basic industries such as transportation, communications, banking, coal mining, and the steel industry This is done for the good of the society as a whole.
Chapter Three Population and Culture
POPULATION AND CULTURE
Chapter 4 The Human World.
People and Government Chapter 1.
Population and Culture
Section 1: World Population
Human Geography/ Political and Economic Systems
Culture The way of life of a group of people who share beliefs and similar customs.
Chapter 4 Cultures of the World.
World’s population: around 6.5 billion people Statistics used to learn about population growth: › Birthrate : number of births per year for every.
Earth’s Human and Cultural Geography
Chapter 3-1 Vocabulary Death Rate – Number of deaths per year out of every 1,000 people Birthrate – Number of children born each year for every 1,000.
Chapter 3 Vocabulary Mr. Greaser. Death Rate Number of deaths per year out of every 1,000 people.
World Geography Vocabulary Review.
Chapter 3. Stuck on an island Look at the island drawn on the board You a stranded on the very small island with 100 other people Where would you live?
POPULATION & CULTURE The Study of Human Geography 3-1.
Chapter 4 The Human World
WORLD POPULATION THE FIRST OF THE NOT-SO-BORING STUFF WE WILL LEARN (CHAPTER 4)
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