2 in Brazil! The tropics always get my direct rays! L = LatitudeThe closer you get to the equator, the hotter it gets=Gee it's hotin Brazil! The tropics always get my direct rays!Low Latitude = high TempMiddle Latitudes= seasonal temperatureHigher latitudes= lower temperature
3 Tilt of the earth creates the Seasons June 21, Summer Solstice
4 A = Air Mass Polar air moves towards tropics, tropics move to poles When two air masses meet= wind, storms, fronts
5 M = Mountain Barrier the Orographic Effect Blocks air & moisturewindward leewardLeeward SideRain ShadowLet’s draw this!
6 Windward side of the Cascades Leeward side of the CascadesRain Shadow
7 E = Elevation The higher you go, the colder and drier it gets Temperature drops 3.5 degrees per 1,000 feet increase!75 °at bottom-28°47° temp at top3.5° (from formulax 8 (mt. highth)28°
8 C = Continental Location- Continentatlity Location : Center of continent. Not influenced by proximity to water.Water and land heat and cool at different rates which affects temperature and precipitation.
9 When a place is completely surrounded by land. (landlocked) and away from water!St. Louis is hotter than Houston in the SummerExperiment: Bucket of sand vs. a bucket of water. Which one will heat up quicker and will have a higher temperature?
10 O = Ocean Currents Gulf Stream Warm water moves away from the equator Cold water moves away from the polesNorth Atlantic DriftGulf Stream
11 W = Winds – pressure and prevailing winds High pressure is heavy, cold airLow pressure is light, warm air.Heat rises- cool falls convection!!Prevailing winds- consistent pressures and winds
13 S = Storms When air masses hit they create storms. The type of storm depends on the type of air mass.Tornadoes - Fujita-Pearson scale-F0= 40-70mph F5= around 300mph
14 S- Storms. Seasonal storms will greatly influence the climate of a place. Hurricanes- Atlantic O, Gulf of MexicoTyphoons- Pacific O.Cyclones- Indian O.Monsoons- the seasonal shift in winds that affect South Asia.