7 Altitude Altitude: elevation above sea level High land areas have cooler climatesHigher altitudes = cooler temperaturesLower altitudes = warmer temperatures
8 Distance From Large Bodies of Water Marine Climates: warmer winters and cooler summersContinental Climates: colder winters and warmer summers
9 Ocean Currents Oceans and lakes can affect temperatures/climate Ocean Currents- streams of water within the ocean that move in regular patterns3 examples: Gulf Stream, North Atlantic Drift, California Current
12 Prevailing Windsmovement of air masses caused by directional winds in a regionThe amount of water vapor in an air mass influences how much rain or snow will fallThe amount of water vapor in the prevailing wind depends on where the wind comes from
13 Mountain RangesAir forced up the mountain cools, condenses, and creates cloudsFalls as precipitation on windward sideLeeward side of mountain has drier conditions
14 MicroclimatesMicroclimates: small region with specific climate conditionsExamples: parks, cities, areas near lakes or ponds, gardens, etc.