Distance from Large Bodies of Water Oceans generate moderate temperatures on nearby land. –Make temperatures less extreme. Mild marine climates –Relatively mild winters and cool summers. Continental climates –Have more extreme temperatures.
Ocean Currents Warm currents move warm water and warm air toward the poles. Cold currents move cold water and cool air toward the equator.
Seasonal Winds Sea and land breezes over a large region that change direction with the seasons –Monsoons Summer monsoon – wind blows from the ocean to the land. Causes heavy rains. Winter monsoon – wind blows from the land to the ocean.