Presentation on theme: "Early American Colonies Objective-Students will understand… 1) Explain 1 reason each as to why colonists moved to one of the three Eastern Seaboard regions."— Presentation transcript:
Early American Colonies Objective-Students will understand… 1) Explain 1 reason each as to why colonists moved to one of the three Eastern Seaboard regions (New England, the Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies.) 2) Analyze one beliefs and/or event in each one of the regions and explain how that belief/event has an impact on American society today.
New England Colonies Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire
Plymouth and the Pilgrims Church of England- official religion all citizens had to follow –Separatists/Pilgrims- did not want to follow CH. Of Eng. and separate Mayflower (1620)- pilgrims sailed for NAm seeking religious freedom, landed in Plymouth –Mayflower Compact- Pilgrims set up a set of rules for all Pilgrims to follow –Why is this document so significant?
Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritans- persecuted by King because they refused to join Ch. Of Eng. –Great Migration- thousands flee to NAm –John Winthrop- 1 st Governor City on a Hill- goal to create a model society based on God’s laws that will be an example for the world to follow *How is “City on a Hill” seen in the US beliefs today? –Dissenters Anne Hutchinson- against Predestination (idea that people are already saved by God at birth) Roger Williams- believed in separation of Church and State/Gov. –Founded Rhode Island (complete freedom of Religion)
The Middle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey
Pennsylvania Quakers- protestant, pacifist, anti- slavery, pro-Na.AM (friendly) –William Penn- given land by King to create a haven in New World for Quakers -Advertising- all over Europe -Liberal Land Policy- good land, access to rivers (transportation) -Philadelphia- planned city to grow, largest city in colonies -Expansion- more settlers from Europe moved in, worse relations w Na.Am. *How is Penn. different from New England?
Southern Colonies Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia
Virginia- 1 st colony founded Tobacco- business focus in VA House of Burgesses- 1 st representative assembly (1819) Bacon’s Rebellion- 1676.mini civil war in Va. Indentured Servants- trade passage for 5 years labor When free have worst land and want protection from Nam, Gov. Berkely refuses and Nathaniel Bacon organizes Ind Ser who burn Jamestown to ground Result (creates a need for a less troublesome labor source? WHO? And why would they be less troublesome?)
Slavery Barbados Slave Code- stated slaves are property, have no rights Middle Passage- voyage from Africa to America, 25-60% of slaves died *Is such a harsh slave law necessary?