Presentation on theme: "Create a KWL for Hitler Fold a piece of notebook paper into thirds Label the columns Know Want to Know Learned Fill out the chart for Know."— Presentation transcript:
Create a KWL for Hitler Fold a piece of notebook paper into thirds Label the columns Know Want to Know Learned Fill out the chart for Know and Want to Know
WWI Refresher How did WWI end? Germany was forced to claim full responsibility for the war Germany was forced to pay war reparations (pay for the damage) How do you think Germany felt after the Treaty of Versailles?
Objectives: Content : Predict how Germany felt after World War I. Learning : List the countries each leader was from and which alliance they were on.
Causes of World War II 1. Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from World War I Worldwide depression High war debt owed by Germany Massive unemployment High inflation
The value of money decreased because so much was being printed In 1914: 1 US dollar = 4.2 Marks In 1923: 1 US dollar = 4.2 Rentenmarks Which is = 4,200,000,000,000 Marks
2. Rise of Fascism Fascism is a political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied
Fascist dictators included Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Hideki Tojo These dictators led the countries that became known as the Axis Powers
Axis Powers CountryLeader GermanyAdolf Hitler ItalyBenito Mussolini JapanHideki Tojo Jump to Mussolini in your notes!!
Benito Mussolini Italian Dictator 1922 - 1943 Fascist Italian dictator. The King of Italy placed him into a power position in 1922 and Mussolini took over Banned all other political parties. Believed Italy needed to restore glory and territory of the Roman Empire.
Adolf Hitler German Dictator 1933-1945 Became leader of a fascist group commonly called the Nazi Party. Chancellor of Germany in 1933 then takes title of “Der Fuhrer” Totalitarian leader Blamed Jews for world’s problems Believed Germany needed to expand and create a better society at all costs.
Hideki Tojo Japanese Prime Minister 1941-1944 Was appointed Prime Minister during the war by the Emperor of Japan, Emperor Hirohito. Prior to his appointment, he was the General of the Japanese Imperial Army. Wanted to expand the Japanese Empire.
The Allies CountryLeader FranceAlbert François Lebrun Great BritainWinston Churchill CanadaWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King United StatesFranklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman Soviet Union (In 1941) Joseph Stalin
The Democratic nations (United States, Great Britain, and Canada) were known as the Allies The Soviet Union was not a democratic country but they joined the Allies after they were invaded by Germany.
United States Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 Harry Truman 1945-1953
U.S. Presidents FDR was President of the United States throughout the war until his death on April 12, 1945 FDR’s successor was Vice President Harry Truman
Winston Churchill British Prime Minister 1940-1945 & 1951-1955 Became Prime Minister during WWII. He was chosen based on his strong stance against Germany and belief in Britain fighting back. Was one of the most popular Prime Ministers ever in Great Britain. https://youtu.be/MkTw3_PmKtc
Joseph Stalin Soviet Union Dictator 1928-1953 Participated in the Russian Revolution of 1917 After Lenin's death, he conspired against all of his own political comrades until he gained complete power. Totalitarian leader who used terror to accomplish goals.
The War Begins… Germany had been expanding and breaking the Treaty of Versailles during the 1930s. Germany signed the Munich Agreement, which gave them a part of Czechoslovakia as long as Hitler stopped trying to take any more territory. In August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact. In the pact, they agreed not to declare war on each other.
But it didn’t work… Hitler broke his promise! On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland. The Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the Baltic nations. Two days later, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. World War II had begun! http://youtu.be/G1HDuqAU5U4 http://youtu.be/G1HDuqAU5U4 http://youtu.be/EV65XRN1lU0 http://youtu.be/EV65XRN1lU0