Presentation on theme: "World War II (WWII) 1939-1945. Lets finish WWII Vocab Please get out your WWII vocab sheets from last class and continue working on the definitions and."— Presentation transcript:
Lets finish WWII Vocab Please get out your WWII vocab sheets from last class and continue working on the definitions and sentences. You may draw pictures instead, but the picture must have a lot of detail and tell me that YOU understand the term. Raise your hand when you are finished so that I can check it
Causes of WWII 1)Political and Economic Conditions in Europe 2) Rise of Fascism
Political and Economic conditions Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulted from World War I. – Worldwide depression – High war debt owed by Germany – High Inflation – Massive unemployment
The value of money decreased because so much was being printed In 1914: 1 US dollar = 4.2 Marks In 1923: 1 US dollar = 4.2 Rentenmarks Which is 4,200,000,000,000 Marks
Rise of Fascism Fascism is a political philosophy in which: – Total power is given to a dictator – Individual freedoms are denied – Nationalism and (often) racism are emphasized Fascist dictators included: Adolf Hitler (Germany) Benito Mussolini (Italy) Hideki Tojo (Japan) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a2YEUhHFMHY&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a2YEUhHFMHY&feature=related
Adolf Hitler German Dictator 1933-1945 Was leader of a fascist group commonly called the Nazi Party. Once he became Chancellor in 1933 he changed Germany to a Totalitarian form of government. He ruled until his death in 1945
Benito Mussolini Italian Dictator 1922 - 1943 Was a Fascist Italian dictator. The King of Italy placed him into power in 1922 and Mussolini banned all other political parties. He Remained in power until the King fired him in 1943.
Operation Oak The King of Italy fired Mussolini in September Of 1943. Mussolini was Sent to an Italian prison. German paratroopers Tracked him down and Broke into the prison and Freed him. They took him To safety in Germany. Hitler ordered the rescue.
Hideki Tojo Japanese Prime Minister 1941-1944 Was appointed Prime Minister by the Emperor of Japan, Emperor Hirohito. Prior to his appointment, he was the General of the Japanese Imperial Army. Was tried and found guilty after the war for various War crimes.
WWII Allies vs. Axis Allies United States Canada Great Britain Soviet Union Axis Germany Italy Japan
Allied powers The Democratic nations of the United States, Great Britain, and Canada were known as the Allies The Soviet Union, at first was in an alliance with Germany, but later joined the Allies after being attacked and invaded by Germany
United States Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 Harry Truman 1945-1953
The United States WWII Presidents FDR was President of the United States throughout the war until his death on April 12, 1945 FDR’s successor was Vice President Harry Truman As President, Truman authorized the use of the Atomic bombs to end the war with Japan
Winston Churchill British Prime Minister 1 1940-1945 & 1951-1955 Was one of the most popular Prime Ministers ever in Great Britain. After France fell, Britain was temporarily alone in fighting against Germany. After the United States entered, he famously declared “We have won the war!” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tq_Rsb8KoKo&feature=related&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1
Joseph Stalin Soviet Union Dictator Approx: 1928-1953 Had participated in the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 After Lenin's death, he conspired against all of his own political comrades until he gained complete power. He signed an alliance with Germany, however the Nazi’s surprise attacked the USSR in June 1941. Stalin then switched sides to the Allies.
Propaganda poster project http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EV65XRN1lU0&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode =1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EV65XRN1lU0&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode =1 Your turn to make a Propaganda poster or Movie poster. MUST HAVE WWII THEME Absolutely no Swastikas or derogatory remarks to any other race, country, religion, or ethnic group
America Enters WWII There is a gradual shift in American policy from neutrality to direct involvement – First – Isolationism – Second – Economic aid to the Allies – Finally – Direct involvement (Declared war !)
War in the Pacific Tension developed between the USA and Japan because of Japanese aggression in the Pacific. The USA had been involved in peace talks with Japanese ambassadors….but it was all for show. On December 7 th, 1941…without warning, Japan attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor (in Hawaii) http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=BA798041-E720-462B-9899- 5EC32436DFB9&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=BA798041-E720-462B-9899- 5EC32436DFB9&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
Attack on Pearl Harbor December 7 th 1941, A date which will live in infamy!! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xr6pVUv9cJQ&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1
The USS Arizona Today http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyoIpKGEw8M&NR=1&feature=fv wp&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyoIpKGEw8M&NR=1&feature=fv wp&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1
USA Declares War December 8 th, 1941, The United States declares war on Japan December 11 th, 1941, Germany and Italy declare war on the United States WWII for the United States has now begun!!
Japanese American Internment There was a heightened Anti-Japanese fear in the United States as a result of the bombing of Pearl Harbor
War time prejudice Even though many Japanese Americans served in the armed forces, many others were treated with distrust and prejudice
Executive Order 9066 As a result of this distrust, President FDR signed Executive Order 9066, directing the Army to relocate over 120,000 Japanese Americans to relocation camps.
Major WWII events and battles Despite initial Axis success in both Europe and the Pacific, the Allies persevered and ultimately defeated Germany and Japan The Allied troops fought against the Axis in 3 theaters total, but our focus will be on 2 of them: -European (includes Eastern and Western front) - Pacific
Germany establishes early dominance #1) September 1939, Germany invaded Poland setting off World War II in Europe. The Soviet Union also invaded Poland from the East #2) June 1940, Germany invaded France and captured Paris
The War comes to Great Britain #3) August – October of 1940, Germany bombed London and The Battle of Britain began #4)March 1941, Lend Lease Act– The U.S. could sell, lend, or lease war supplies to “any nation considered vital to the defense of the United States”.
Attack and Declarations of War #5) December 7, 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor #6) December 8, 1941 USA declares war on Japan #7) December 11, 1941 Germany and Italy declare war on the United States http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/germ an_success_failure.htm http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/germ an_success_failure.htm
WWII Turning Points (Allied victories) #8) June 1942, The Battle of Midway – The United States was victorious against Japan in the Battle of Midway. This victory was the turning point of the war in the Pacific #9) Feb 1943, Battle of Stalingrad – the USSR defeated Germany at Stalingrad, marking the turning point of the war on the Eastern front
“D-Day” #10) June 6, 1944, D-Day- American and other Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy, France to begin the liberation of western Europe Turning point of the Western front http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UtBogHdnn5g&feature=youtube_gdata_player&safety_mode=true&persist_sa fety_mode=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UtBogHdnn5g&feature=youtube_gdata_player&safety_mode=true&persist_sa fety_mode=1
More Allied Victories #11)May 8, 1945, Victory in Europe- Germany surrendered, ending the war in Europe http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MNR5CvJMXQc
WWII ends in the Pacific The United States dropped two atomic bombs (Manhattan Project) on Japan in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending WWII: #12) August 6, 1945, The bombing of Hiroshima took the lives of 70,000 people that day and another 70,000 from radiation exposure within 5 years #13) August 9, 1945, The bombing of Nagasaki Took the lives of 80,000 within a year http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t19kvUiHvAE&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
America celebrates the end of WWII #14) August 15, 1945, (Victory in Japan) Japan surrendered, ending the war in the Pacific