2 Fascism Extreme Militarism Extreme Nationalism Loyalty to state and obedience to its leader supreme ruleOne-party rule / dictatorDenied individual rightsBelieved each class had its own place & function (hate Communists!)
3 Nazism German brand of fascism. National Socialist German Workers’ Party (aka: Nazi).More of a practice than a form of government.Extreme Nationalism.
4 TotalitarianismPolitical Gov’t system with complete centralized control command economyPeople totally subjected to state/authorityNo freedom or privacyStrong military enforcement to lead country
5 Communism Loyalty to state & obedience to leader supreme rule One-party rule / dictatorDenied individual rightsBelieved in dictatorship of a working class (hate fascists!)
6 Benito Mussolini - Italy Fascist Totalitarian Dictator Italians angry because territory was not gained during Treaty of Versailles.Unemployment up, taxes up & trade down = Civil unrestOrganized the Fascist Party – Wanted to stop the Communist & Socialist RevolutionariesMussolini becomes Prime Minister of new government.
7 Benito Mussolini - Italy Fascist Totalitarian Dictator Promised to revive Italy’s economy & military1925: Mussolini known as “Il Duce”. (eel-DOO-chay)Censored press, restricts voting, has secret police brings economy under state control.Children taught to obey strict military discipline.
8 Adolf Hitler - Germany Fascist Totalitarian Dictator Encouraged territorial expansion of Germany lost in the Treaty of Versailles.Wanted to strengthen industry and military.Hitler seemed to provide solutions to Germany’s problems.1933: became Chancellor of Germany & eventually “der Fuhrer”
9 Adolf Hitler - Germany Fascist Totalitarian Dictator NAZI: National Socialist German Workers’ PartySuspended civil rights, destroyed communists, ended political & economic freedom.Created brutal system of terror:SS troops (secret police)The Gestapo
10 Joseph Stalin - USSR Fascist Totalitarian Dictator-U.S.S.R 1901: Joined the Social Democratic Labor Party.Helped to organize industrial resistance to Tsarism.In 1924: After Lenin’s death, Stalin took over the New Economic Party.His Goal: Make USSR a world power
11 Joseph Stalin - USSR Fascist Totalitarian Dictator-U.S.S.R Planned to industrialize the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)Secret police “KGB” spied on citizens & executes anyone who might oppose him (genocide).He makes a deal with Hitler to not attack each other non- aggression pact
12 General Hideki Tojo - Japan Fascist Totalitarian Dictator-Japan Japanese Emperor was Taisho (weak).General Hideki Tojo was the real leader.Major goal was to rule all of Asia.Policy: Industrialization & MilitarismJapan is in need of raw materials (oil)
13 General Hideki Tojo - Japan Fascist Totalitarian Dictator-Japan Invaded Korea (1905), Manchuria & China (1937)Challenged League of Nations and withdrew.League of Nations has no power to condemn for invasionWhen Japan invades the rest of China, President Roosevelt cuts off oil supply to Japan.