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The rise of dictators was one of the causes of WWII.

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Presentation on theme: "The rise of dictators was one of the causes of WWII."— Presentation transcript:

1 The rise of dictators was one of the causes of WWII.
Main ideas Global depression during the 1930s led to the rise of dictators in Europe and Asia. The rise of dictators was one of the causes of WWII.

2 Vocabulary Totalitarian State: Government in which a one party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens’ lives. Dictator: Ruler who has complete control over a government. Fascism: A political regime where a military dominated government controls all aspects of society.

3 Adolf Hitler - Germany Became Chancellor of Germany in 1932 by promising to restore Germany to greatness. Founded the Nazi Party. Set up a totalitarian and a Fascist government.

4 Hitler’s Policies Anti Semitism – Hatred of the Jewish people
- Prohibited Jews and non Nazis from holding government jobs Nuremberg Laws – 1935 Kristallnacht – 1938 Began to build up the German military, which was a violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Began territorial expansion in 1936 by invading Rhineland.

5 Joseph Stalin - Russia 1. Became a leader in the 1920s. Set up a Communist and a Totalitarian government.

6 Stalin’s Policies 1. Used the Red Army to crush the opposition.
2. Sent opponents to labor camps. 3. Signed a non aggression pact with Germany in 1939.

7 Hideki Tojo- Japan Became the Prime Minister of Japan in 1941.
Was committed to his nation’s expansion in the Pacific. Set up a totalitarian government

8 Policies of Japan’s military leaders
Wanted Japan to be less dependent on foreign imports. Planned to gain control over territories producing iron, rubber, and timber. 1931 – Japan attacked Manchuria 1935 – Japan begins military buildup 1937 – full fledged war between Japan and China Tojo was the most powerful government leader in Japan during WWII and approved the attack on Pearl Harbor as well as attacks in China, South East Asia and the Pacific.

9 Francisco Franco - Spain
Became a dictator of Spain in 1936 with the help of Hitler and Mussolini. Set up a totalitarian and a Fascist government in Spain.

10 Benito Mussolini - Italy
Established the Fascist Party in 1921. Marched on Rome with his followers. Government officials, the Army and the Police force sided with him….so the Italian King stepped down and appointed Mussolini the head of the Government.

11 Mussolini’s Policies Began allying Italy with Germany.
Limited freedom of speech, arrested political opponents and restricted voting rights. Pledged to make Italy an imperial power. Invaded Ethiopia in 1935.

12 Why did people support dictators?
Promise of growth and greatness Pride of Nationalism Global depression The harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the reparations ruined the German economy. Hitler’s promises to restore Germany to greatness appealed to many Because of economic problems many people were more inclined to support strong leaders.

13 What made them dictators?
Authoritarian Rule Desire for expansion Totalitarian government

14 Causes of WWII

15 1. Rise of Dictators

16 2. Failure of the policy of Appeasement

17 Giving in to the aggressor in hopes that he will back away.
What’s appeasement? Giving in to the aggressor in hopes that he will back away.

18 3. Failure of Collective Security
Kellogg Briand Pact – signed by 62 countries. Outlawed war as an instrument of national policy. Lacked enforcement mechanism. Gave everyone a false sense of security

19 Nonaggression Pact between the Soviet Union and Germany - appeasement

20 4. Failures of the Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was flawed in that its major purpose was to punish Germany. Germany lost land, had to disarm and was ordered to pay $33 billion in reparations to the Allied powers. RESULT? Germany’s economy suffered, allowed Hitler to come to power.

21 German kids playing with money

22 Immediate cause of WWII
Hitler’s invasion of Poland in September of 1939.

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