Presentation on theme: "The rise of dictators was one of the causes of WWII."— Presentation transcript:
1 The rise of dictators was one of the causes of WWII. Main ideasGlobal depression during the 1930s led to the rise of dictators in Europe and Asia.The rise of dictators was one of the causes of WWII.
2 VocabularyTotalitarian State: Government in which a one party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens’ lives.Dictator: Ruler who has complete control over a government.Fascism: A political regime where a military dominated government controls all aspects of society.
3 Adolf Hitler - GermanyBecame Chancellor of Germany in 1932 by promising to restore Germany to greatness.Founded the Nazi Party.Set up a totalitarian and a Fascist government.
4 Hitler’s Policies Anti Semitism – Hatred of the Jewish people - Prohibited Jews and non Nazis from holding government jobsNuremberg Laws – 1935Kristallnacht – 1938Began to build up the German military, which was a violation of the Treaty of Versailles.Began territorial expansion in 1936 by invading Rhineland.
5 Joseph Stalin - Russia1. Became a leader in the 1920s.Set up a Communist and a Totalitarian government.
6 Stalin’s Policies 1. Used the Red Army to crush the opposition. 2. Sent opponents to labor camps.3. Signed a non aggression pact with Germany in 1939.
7 Hideki Tojo- Japan Became the Prime Minister of Japan in 1941. Was committed to his nation’s expansion in the Pacific.Set up a totalitarian government
8 Policies of Japan’s military leaders Wanted Japan to be less dependent on foreign imports.Planned to gain control over territories producing iron, rubber, and timber.1931 – Japan attacked Manchuria1935 – Japan begins military buildup1937 – full fledged war between Japan and ChinaTojo was the most powerful government leader in Japan during WWII and approved the attack on Pearl Harbor as well as attacks in China, South East Asia and the Pacific.
9 Francisco Franco - Spain Became a dictator of Spain in 1936 with the help of Hitler and Mussolini.Set up a totalitarian and a Fascist government in Spain.
10 Benito Mussolini - Italy Established the Fascist Party in 1921.Marched on Rome with his followers. Government officials, the Army and the Police force sided with him….so the Italian King stepped down and appointed Mussolini the head of the Government.
11 Mussolini’s Policies Began allying Italy with Germany. Limited freedom of speech, arrested political opponents and restricted voting rights.Pledged to make Italy an imperial power.Invaded Ethiopia in 1935.
12 Why did people support dictators? Promise of growth and greatnessPride of NationalismGlobal depressionThe harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the reparations ruined the German economy. Hitler’s promises to restore Germany to greatness appealed to manyBecause of economic problems many people were more inclined to support strong leaders.
13 What made them dictators? Authoritarian RuleDesire for expansionTotalitarian government
17 Giving in to the aggressor in hopes that he will back away. What’s appeasement?Giving in to the aggressor in hopes that he will back away.
18 3. Failure of Collective Security Kellogg Briand Pact – signed by 62 countries.Outlawed war as an instrument of national policy.Lacked enforcement mechanism. Gave everyone a false sense of security
19 Nonaggression Pact between the Soviet Union and Germany - appeasement
20 4. Failures of the Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was flawed in that its major purpose was to punish Germany.Germany lost land, had to disarm and was ordered to pay $33 billion in reparations to the Allied powers.RESULT? Germany’s economy suffered, allowed Hitler to come to power.