Presentation on theme: "Spanish American War -Identify the Causes and Effects of the Spanish American War -Be able to define Imperialism & Isolationism Unit 7: Imperialism and."— Presentation transcript:
1 Spanish American War-Identify the Causes and Effects of the Spanish American War-Be able to define Imperialism & IsolationismUnit 7: Imperialism and the Growth of US Power
2 Important Ideas/Terms 1). Monroe Doctrine: stated that the Americas were off limits to further European colonization2). Imperialism: The policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political control over other nations3). Yellow Journalism: Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers4). Industrialization: The Change from animal/human labor to machine labor (requires LOTS of Raw materials for Mass Production)
3 How is Industrialization related to Imperialism? Think about resources.Think about how a technologically advanced society may feel over ‘non-advanced’ societies.Turn to a person near you: come up with 3-5 ways these two historical ideas are related.
4 The Desire for World Power Need for new markets to sell goodsRelated to IndustrializationMore land to get raw materialsKeep up with European PowersRelated to ImperialismGoals of leadershipFoxborough History Department
5 Before War Broke Out… Spain was considered one of the top naval powers in the world (on paper only!)The US was having a debate in their political landscape: Should we Expand or remain Isolated? Imperialism vs IsolationismYellow Journalism inspired citizens to feel sympathy for Spain’s mistreatment of colonies (Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico)
6 Causes of Spanish American War American Sympathy towards Cuban Fight for Freedom against Spanish Rule“Butcher” Weyler forced 300,000 Cuban Rebels into concentration camps (gov’t work camps)Monroe Doctrine – chance to get Spain out of Western HemisphereEconomic Interests – sugar plantations, cheap laborYellow Journalism – American Press got American’s behind going to warSpark (direct cause): Sinking of the USS Maine
7 “To Hell with Spain Remember the Maine” At 9:40pm on February 15, 1898, the battleship U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana (Cuba) Harbor268 men were killed, shocking the American populationWhat or who caused this explosion?
8 Waiting for the Facts Who is waiting? -Pres. McKinley Why should we wait for the “facts”?Why might the United States want to go to war?What positive effects or outcomes could come from a war with Spain?
9 1.What is most noticeable about the example? 2. How is this media making people feel?3. How would this influence or change peoples mind?
10 Characteristics of Yellow Journalism Headlines in huge print, often of minor newsMany pictures, or imaginary drawingsuse of faked interviews, misleading headlines, and false information from so-called expertsdramatic sympathy with the "underdog" against the system.Emotional words and symbols; scare tactics
11 Yellow JournalismA type of journalism that distorts and exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readersWilliam Randolph Hearst vs Joseph Pulitzer.New York Journal New York World
15 Questions from Ppt1). What role does industrialization play in creating a desire for Imperialism?2). Explain why you are more of an Isolationist or Imperialist when it comes to US foreign policy?3). Who were William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer? Explain their role in the Sp-Am War.4). Do you believe ‘Yellow Journalism’ is still a problem in US society today? Provide examples for why or why not.5). Is war ever justifiable/right?What makes a war justifiable?
16 Leaders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt George Dewey William Randolph HearstGeneral Weyler “The Butcher”Emilio Aguinaldo
17 William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901) 25th PresidentSupported by Industrialists (Carnegie, Rockefeller, Morgan)Wanted to avoid war in CubaYellow journalism and public supported warIn April 1898, President McKinley abandoned his failed diplomatic efforts and asked Congress for permission to intervene in Cuba.Assassinated in 1901By Leon Czolgosz
18 Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy. “I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one”First Volunteer Cavalry, nicknamed the "Rough Riders.“ Stop, drop, that’s how rough riders roll…..(DMX)Becomes President AFTER McKinley dies…many Republicans worried about his presidencyTR goes after Trusts as president. He did not go “by the book” for many in the Republican Party (“Loose cannon!”)Pay attention during President’s Video! Lots to know about TR!!!
19 Commodore George Dewey May 1, 1899— Commodore Dewey and his Asiatic Squadron defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila BayQuick & easy defeat of the SpanishDuring and after the war, George Dewey became one of the war's most celebrated heroes
20 William Randolph Hearst Newspaper publisher and leading example of yellow journalismNew York Journal started a public hysteria for war with Spain by publishing incendiary articles and illustrationsHearst once said "You provide the pictures and I'll provide the war.“Famously believed Newspapers should be used to sway Americans’ opinions in politics and geopolitics (difference in those terms?)
21 General Weyler “The Butcher” In 1896, the Spanish sent "The Butcher," to CubaTo prevent the insurrectosWeyler built concentration camps in which he imprisoned a large portion of the populationUnder the harsh and unsanitary conditions in the concentration camps,Cuban prisoners died rapidly, especially from disease
22 Emilio Aguinaldo The Philippines' revolutionary leader Fought first against Spanish imperialismAfter the end of the Spanish-American War, fought against Americans [who promised to leave nation to Filipinos]
23 Territories Gained1. The Spanish-American War lasted 4 months. The U.S. first attacked the Philippine Islands 1st (Spanish possession) and started a two-front (two ocean) war in the Gulf of Mexico after. The U.S. won and gained the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico as territories.
24 Control of Cuba?2. The U.S. placed a military government in Cuba and exerted control over the country’s affairs. Many Cubans resented this. Guantanamo Bay was leased to the U.S. so they could have a major naval base on the island.Prior to the Sp-Am War, we passed the Teller Amendment which promised we would leave Cuba after the war…Kind of true.Guess what revolutionary leader will fight against US imperialism in Cuba?
25 Important Events Sinking of the USS Maine 268 US Servicemen are killedBlamed on a Spanish mineAdmiral Dewey – Surprise attack on the Spanish Fleet in Manila HarborAll Spanish Ships are SunkSpanish Defeated in Battle of San Juan HillT. Roosevelt led the “Rough Riders” to victorySpain signs Treat of Paris Ending the War
26 Effects of the Spanish American War US becomes an Imperialist PowerGuam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines become colonies of the USCuba gains its independence from Spain, but becomes a US ProtectorateUS will “protect” and partially control CubaPhilippine rebels wanting independence declare war on US
27 “Speak softly and carry a big stick.” 3. There was an increase in U.S. imperialistic desires.4. Roosevelt Corollary: In 1904, President Roosevelt declared the U.S. as an international police power in the Western Hemisphere using the Monroe Doctrine to justify intervening in Latin America.“Speak softly and carry a big stick.”
35 Intervention in Latin America Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe DoctrineDeclared the U.S. as the police power of the Western HemisphereEstablished U.S. “economic imperialism” throughout Latin AmericaPanamaU.S. supported Panama’s independence from Colombia in exchange for the right to build and control the Panama Canal
37 The Spanish-American War (1898) CausesU.S. wanted to help Cuba win independence from SpainU.S. had economic interests in CubaU.S. saw Spain’s control of Cuba as a test of Monroe DoctrineMonroe Doctrine: stated that the Americas were off limits to further European colonizationU.S. wanted to build an empireU.S. needed raw materials and markets for its goodsStrong nationalismAmericans wanted their nation to be powerful, wealthy, and competitive with the European powersU.S. newspapers blamed Spain for explosion of USS Maine
38 The Spanish-American War (1898) EffectsU.S. quickly defeated Spain and became a world powerU.S. took on roll of a Police force of the Western HemisphereU.S. acquired Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Philippines, and GuamU.S. temporarily occupied Cuba and set up a military governmentCuba and the Philippines eventually gained independence
39 Questions (round 2) 1). Who was president during the Sp-Am War? 2). What is the Roosevelt Corollary? How did it change the Monroe Doctrine?3). What was the ‘Spark!’ that started the Sp-Am war?4). Who were Emilio Aguinaldo and Butcher ‘Weyler’?5). In your opinion, did the US uphold their end of the Teller Amendment? Explain why or why not.6). In your opinion, is it better to be Isolationist or Imperialist? Explain your reasons.7). Explain two causes and two effects of the Sp-Am War