2 Causes of Spanish American War ImperialismSocial DarwinismClosing of the FrontierYellow JournalismMilitarismIndustrial RevolutionWorld Power (land)
3 ImperialismImperialism- One civilization controls another civilization’s economy, government, and / or culture.
4 Social DarwinismThe application of Darwinism to the study of human society, specifically a theory in sociology that individuals or groups achieve advantage over others as the result of genetic or biological superiority.
5 Social Darwinism Survival of the fittest. Europeans viewed themselves as superior.Led to development of eugenics- pseudoscience that encouraged racism.
6 Western Civilization Paternalism “Take up the white man’s burden.”- Rudyard Kipling, poet laureate of British Empire.Europeans thought they were helping the people.“Bringing light and civilization to the rest of the world.”
12 World Power Need for new markets to sell goods More land to get raw materialsKeep up with European PowersGoals of leadership
13 To Hell with Spain Remember the Maine At 9:40pm on February 15, 1898, the battleship U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana Harbor268 men were killed, shocking the American populationWhat or who caused this explosion?
14 Waiting for the Facts Who is waiting? Why should we wait for the “facts”?Why might the United States want to go to war?What positive effects or outcomes could come from a war with Spain?
15 Leaders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt George Dewey William Randolph HearstGeneral Weyler “The ButcherEmilio Aguinaldo
16 William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901) 25th PresidentWanted to avoid war in CubaYellow journalism and public supported warIn April 1898, President McKinley abandoned his failed diplomatic efforts and asked Congress for permission to intervene in Cuba.
17 Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy. “I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one”First Volunteer Cavalry, nicknamed the "Rough Riders”
18 Commodore George Dewey May 1, 1899— Commodore Dewey and his Asiatic Squadron defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila BayDuring and after the war, George Dewey became one of the war's most celebrated heroes
19 William Randolph Hearst Newspaper publisher and leading example of yellow journalismNew York Journal started a public hysteria for war with Spain by publishing incendiary articles and illustrationsHearst once said "You provide the pictures and I'll provide the war."
20 General Weyler “The Butcher” In 1896, the Spanish sent "The Butcher," to CubaTo prevent the insurrectosWeyler built concentration camps in which he imprisoned a large portion of the populationUnder the harsh and unsanitary conditions in the concentration camps,Cuban prisoners died rapidly, especially from disease
21 Emilio Aguinaldo The Philippines' revolutionary leader Fought first against Spanish imperialismAfter the end of the Spanish- American War, fought against American
22 Events-Timeline 1895: Cuban nationalists revolt against Spanish rule 1896: Spanish General Weyler (the "Butcher") comes to Cuba.1897: Spain recalls WeylerEarly 1898: USS Maine sent to CubaFebruary 9, 1898: Hearst publishes Dupuy du Lome's letter insulting McKinley.
27 Spanish Politeness Who is holding the knife? Name the ship Is this an example of Yellow Journalism? Explain
28 Events-Timeline February 15, 1898: Sinking of the USS Maine February 25, 1898: Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt cables Commodore Dewey with plan: attack the Philippines if war with Spain breaks outApril 11, 1898: McKinley approves war with SpainApril 24, 1898: Spain declares war on the USApril 25, 1898: US declares war on SpainWilliam McKinley US President from 1896 to his assassination in Backed by Mark Hanna and American business interests, McKinley championed high, business-protecting tariffs and opposed Free Silver. Under McKinley, the US engaged in a period of imperialism, epitomized by the Spanish-American War.
29 Let go of him McKinley Who is McKinley holding? Who is being attacked? What is the message to the public in 1898?
30 Events-Timeline May 1, 1898: Battle of Manila Bay (Philippines) May, 1898: July 1, 1898: San Juan Hill taken by "Rough Riders"July 3, 1898: Battle of Santiago - Spain's Caribbean fleet destroyed.July 7, 1898: Hawaii annexedJuly 17, 1898: City of Santiago surrenders to General William ShafterAugust 12, 1898: Spain signs armisticeAugust 13, 1898: US troops capture ManilaTeller Amendment A resolution by Congress in 1898 promising to grant Cuba independence after the war. The Teller Amendment provided the US with justification for its actions while allaying fears that the war was simply an imperialist land grab.
32 July 1, 1898: San Juan Hill taken by "Rough Riders"
33 Events-TimelineDecember 10, 1898: Treaty of Paris signed - US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.January 23, 1899: Philippines declares itself an independent republic - Led by Emilio Auginaldo, the self-declared Filipino government fights a guerilla war against the US that lasts longer than the Spanish-American War itself.February 6, 1899: the Treaty of Paris passes in the Senate1900: Foraker Act - Some self-government allowed in Puerto Rico.Treaty of Paris Signed on December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris officially ended the Spanish- American War. According to the Treaty, Cuba went free, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines were ceded to the US, and the US agreed to pay Spain an indemnity of $20 million.Emilio Aguinaldo Partially of Chinese descent, Aguinaldo was the Philippines' revolutionary leader, first against the Spanish and then, after the end of the Spanish- American War, against the Americans
34 Events-Timeline March 1901: Emilio Auginaldo captured. 1901: Platt Amendment-Cuban government could not enter any foreign agreement, allows two naval bases in Cuba and U.S can intervene when necessary1902: US withdraws from Cuba1917: Puerto Ricans given US citizenshipPlatt Amendment 1901 amendment to the Cuban constitution by which the US was allowed certain concessions, including the right to indefinitely maintain Guantanamo naval base in Cuba.
36 Results of the Spanish American War Treaty of Paris signed on December 10, 1898 ended the Spanish- American WarCuba went free, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines were ceded to the US, and the US agreed to pay Spain an indemnity of $20 millionAmerica becomes a world power