2 Causes of the Spanish - American War ImperialismSocial DarwinismYellow JournalismMilitarismIndustrial RevolutionWorld Power (land)
3 ImperialismThe policy of extending a nation's power by taking landterritorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political control over other nations
4 Social DarwinismThe application of Darwinism to the study of human society, specifically a theory in sociology that individuals or groups achieve advantage over others as the result of genetic or biological superiority.
5 Yellow JournalismJournalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.
6 Militarism1.Glorification of the ideals of a professional military class 2. A policy in which military preparedness is of primary importance to a state
7 Industrial Revolution The complex of radical socioeconomic changes, such as the ones that took place in England in the late 18th century, that are brought about when extensive mechanization of production systems results in a shift from home-based hand manufacturing to large-scale factory production
8 World Power Need for new markets to sell goods More land to get raw materialsKeep up with European PowersGoals of leadership
9 “To He#* with Spain – Remember the Maine!!” At 9:40pm on February 15, 1898, the battleship U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana Harbor268 men were killed, shocking the American populationWhat or who caused this explosion?
10 Waiting for the Facts Who is waiting? Why should we wait for the “facts”?Why might the United States want to go to war?What positive effects or outcomes could come from a war with Spain?
11 Leaders William McKinley General Fitzhugh Lee Theodore Roosevelt George DeweyWilliam Randolph HearstGeneral Weyler “The ButcherEmilio Aguinaldo
12 William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901) 25th President of USAWanted to avoid war in CubaYellow journalism and public supported warIn April 1898, President McKinley abandoned his failed diplomatic efforts and asked Congress for permission to intervene in Cuba.
13 General Fitzhugh Lee Maj. Gen. of CSA Army Worked to have southerners rejoin union peacefullyHe was one of three ex-CSA generals who were made Maj. Gen. of U. S. Volunteers.Governor of Virginia 1886–1890
14 Theodore Roosevelt – Assistant Secretary of the Navy. “I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one”First Volunteer Cavalry, nicknamed the "Rough Riders.“ Stop, drop, that’s how rough riders roll…..(DMX)
15 Commodore George Dewey May 1, 1899— Commodore Dewey and his Asiatic Squadron defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila BayDuring and after the war, George Dewey became one of the war's most celebrated heroes
16 William Randolph Hearst Newspaper publisher and leading example of yellow journalismNew York Journal started a public hysteria for war with Spain by publishing incendiary articles and illustrationsHearst once said "You provide the pictures and I'll provide the war."
17 General Weyler “The Butcher” In 1896, the Spanish sent "The Butcher," to CubaTo prevent the insurrectionWeyler built concentration camps where he imprisoned a large portion of the populationUnder the harsh and unsanitary conditions in the concentration camps,Cuban prisoners died rapidly, especially from disease
18 Emilio Aguinaldo The Philippines' revolutionary leader Fought first against Spanish imperialismAfter the end of the Spanish- American War, fought against Americans
19 Events - Timeline 1895: Cuban nationalists revolt against Spanish rule 1896: Spanish Gen. Weyler comes to Cuba.1897: Spain orders Weyler back to SpainEarly 1898: USS Maine sent to CubaFebruary 9, 1898: Hearst publishes Dupuy du Lome's letter insulting McKinley.
21 Sensational Journalism or Yellow Journalism Screaming newspaper headlines about the situation in Cuba in the 1890s helped fan the flames of war by influencing public opinion in the United StatesHomework
24 Spanish Politeness Who is holding the knife? Name the ship Is this an example of Yellow Journalism? Explain
25 Events-Timeline (2) February 15, 1898: Sinking of the USS Maine February 25, 1898: Asst Secty of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt cables Commodore Dewey with plan: attack the Philippines if war with Spain breaks out .April 11, 1898: McKinley approves war with SpainApril 24, 1898: Spain declares war on the USApril 25, 1898: US declares war on SpainWilliam McKinley US President from 1896 to his assassination in Backed by Mark Hanna and American business interests, McKinley championed high, business-protecting tariffs and opposed Free Silver. Under McKinley, the US engaged in a period of imperialism, epitomized by the Spanish-American War.
26 Let go of him McKinley!! Who is McKinley holding? Who is being attacked?What is the message to the public in 1898?
28 Events-Timeline (3) May 1, 1898: Battle of Manila Bay (Philippines) May, 1898: July 1, 1898: San Juan Hill taken by "Rough Riders"July 3, 1898: Battle of Santiago - Spain's Caribbean fleet destroyed.July 7, 1898: Hawaii annexedJuly 17, 1898: City of Santiago surrenders to General William ShafterAugust 12, 1898: Spain signs armisticeAugust 13, 1898: US troops capture ManilaTeller Amendment A resolution by Congress in 1898 promising to grant Cuba independence after the war. The Teller Amendment provided the US with justification for its actions while allaying fears that the war was simply an imperialist land grab.
30 Events-TimelineDecember 10, 1898: Treaty of Paris signed - US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.January 23, 1899: Philippines declares itself an independent republic - Led by Emilio Auginaldo,The self-declared Filipino government fights a guerilla war against the US that lasts longer than the Spanish-American War itself.March 1901: Emilio Auginaldo captured.1901: US has two naval bases in Cuba & U.S can intervene when needed1902: US leaves Cuba - except Guitanamo Bay1917: Puerto Ricans given US citizenshipTreaty of Paris Signed on December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris officially ended the Spanish- American War. According to the Treaty, Cuba went free, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines were ceded to the US, and the US agreed to pay Spain an indemnity of $20 million.Emilio Aguinaldo Partially of Chinese descent, Aguinaldo was the Philippines' revolutionary leader, first against the Spanish and then, after the end of the Spanish- American War, against the Americans
32 Results of the Spanish American War Treaty of Paris signed on December 10, 1898 ended the Spanish- American WarCuba went free, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines were ceded to the US, and the US agreed to pay Spain an indemnity of $20 millionAmerica becomes a world power
33 EvaluationVisual Quiz—Who am I? What was my involvement? Define? Explain
34 Quiz-Question’s 1-3 Who am I? What was my role in the Spanish American War?What was the nickname of my voluntary Calvary?
35 Quiz-Questions 4-6 4. What role did Yellow Journalism play in the war? What ship blew up that sparked the war?6. Who was the President during the Spanish American War?
36 Question 77. What hill is being taken by T.R and the Rough Riders?
37 Question 88. Who am I?(Hint the Admiral in Philippines)
38 Works Cited In Presentation Timeline- SparknotesOther Web Sites- PBS Movie web siteSmall PlanetsPictures