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Essential Question How did America expand its influence around the world in the late 1800s?
Reasons for ExpansionismNeed to be involved in world affairs Need for places to invest Need for raw materials (oil, rubber, tin, etc.)
Expansion in the PacificU.S. looked toward Asia Expanding business markets
Alaska 1867 Purchased from Russia
Hawaii Sugar plantations 1898 – U.S. annexed Hawaii
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
The Spanish-American War
Latin America Important source of tradeU.S. concerned with European influence in the region
Yellow Journalism Sensationalist reportingWriters exaggerate or make up stories to attract readers
New York Journal Owned by William Randolph Hearst
New York World Owned by Joseph Pulitzer
Reporting the War in CubaStories of Spanish atrocities found in both newspapers Goal = sell more papers Enraged Americans against the Spanish
The Maine Feb. 15, 1898 The ship exploded in the harbor, killing 266 sailors No one knew the source of the explosion
Results of the ExplosionThe press blamed Spain “Remember the Maine” Congress approved war preparations
Declaration of War April 11, 1898 – McKinley declared warTheodore Roosevelt – assistant secretary of the Navy April 24 – Spain declared war on the U.S.
War on Two Fronts In the Pacific (Philippines) In the Caribbean (Cuba)
Philippines Spanish colonyU.S. Navy Commodore George Dewey – destroyed Spanish warships there
Rough Riders Volunteer cavalry unit Included Theodore RooseveltAssisted in capturing San Juan Hill
Spanish Surrender Spain surrendered two weeks laterAmericans also occupied the Spanish colony of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico and Guam Annexed into the United States1917 – became U.S. citizens with full rights
Cuba Platt Amendment Made Cuba a U.S. protectorateGave U.S. the right to build a naval station and to intervene to protect Cuba’s independence
New Territories: Becoming a World Power Key Ideas Chapter 9, Lesson 1.
Spanish-American War Chapter 9 section 2.
The Spanish-American War. Terms and People José Martí – Cuban patriot who launched a war for independence from Spain in 1895 William Randolph Hearst –
Spanish American War Learning Target: Identify the Causes and Effects of the Spanish American War US History – Unit 2.
CB 20th Century US History
What was “yellow journalism?” What was “yellow journalism?” January 2012.
Objectives Explain the causes of the Spanish-American War.
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Spanish-American War.
Spanish-American War Identify reasons for the war; explain goals of the Anti-Imperialist League.
Explain the causes of the Spanish-American War.
“A SPLENDID LITTLE WAR” 1898 Spanish American War.
The Spanish-American War Ch Where is Cuba? How far is Cuba from the United States?
Causes of the Spanish- American War (1898) 1.Explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor, Cuba 2.The De Lome Letter: Called President McKinley “Weak” 3.The.
The Spanish American War 1898
Chapter 25, Section 2 Objective: Describe the reasons for and the effects of the Spanish-American War. I. Rebellion against Spain A. 1890’s Cuba and the.
The Spanish - American War (1898) A Case of US Imperialism or a Necessary War?
The Spanish American War Samoset Middle School 8 th Grade Social Studies.
The Spanish-American War
US Foreign Policy Imperialism Establishing political or economic control over another nation Establishing political or economic control over.
Obj: To understand the causes and effects of the Spanish-American War Focus: Define Imperialism and the causes of American Imperialism.
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