American Imperialism/Spanish American War Monroe Doctrine` 1. In 1823, American President James Monroe issued the Monroe Doctrine, which stated that the Americas were off limits to further European colonization and the U.S. is the protector of Latin America.
Cuba 2. The first test of the Monroe Doctrine was with Cuba’s fight for independence from Spain. Cuba was unsuccessful, but the U.S. decided to help since they had economic interests in Cuba.
Big Causes 3. The Spanish-American War was caused in 1898 by two things: a) U.S. assisted Cuba in their fight for independence b) U.S. used the Monroe Doctrine to justify involvement.
Yellow Journalism 5. The declaration of war delighted American newspapers, because they were scrambling for the most sensational and competitive headlines. This style of reporting is known as yellow journalism.
Assignment: Yellow Journalism Article of Causes Guided Practice: Let’s make a class list of causes. Yellow Journalism Article: Write a sensational article explaining the causes of the Spanish American War! – 60% Explanation of Causes (remember to exaggerate) – 10% Catchy Title – 30% Yellow Journalism Writing Style
Reflect Did we learn our objective today? Objective: TSWBAT identify the main causes of the Spanish-American War.
Exit Question Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Spanish-American War? A. The USS Maine exploded B. The Monroe Doctrine C. Spain killed the Cuban President D. Exaggerated reports called Yellow Journalism.
Standard and Objective 7-3.7 Explain the causes and effects of the Spanish-American War and its reflection of the United States’ interest in imperial expansion, including the nation’s acquisition of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam; its temporary occupation of Cuba; and its rise as a world power. Objective: TSWBAT identify the effects of the Spanish American War.
Territories Gained 1. The Spanish-American War lasted 4 months. The U.S. first attacked the Philippine Islands (Spanish possession) and started a two-front (two ocean) war. The U.S. won and gained the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico as territories.
Control of Cuba 2. The U.S. placed a military government in Cuba and exerted control over the country’s affairs. Many Cubans resented this. Guantanamo Bay was leased to the U.S. so they could have a major naval base on the island.
American Imperialism 3. There was an increase in U.S. imperialistic desires. 4. In 1904, President Roosevelt declared the U.S. as an international police power in the Western Hemisphere using the Monroe Doctrine to justify intervening in Latin America.
Cause and Effect In the pink envelopes, there is a jumble of causes and effects of the Spanish-American War. In your groups, go through and put all the facts in the right area. Keep in mind, there’s one that doesn’t belong anywhere! So pull that one out when you find it. **If you finish early, rank the causes and effects top to bottom from most important to least.
Cause and Effect Chart Causes: The USS Maine Explosion Yellow Journalism’s sensational reporting The Monroe Doctrine The US helping Cuba fight for independence Effects: US gains territories in Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines Great White Fleet goes on world tour The Panama Canal is built by USA US intervenes more in affairs of other nations around them US supremacy in the Western Hemisphere Cuba under military control by USA Guantanamo Bay leased to USA so they could have major naval base there Increase in US economic imperialistic desires
Reflect Did we learn our objective today? Objective: TSWBAT identify the effects of the Spanish American War.
Exit Question Which of the following was NOT an effect of the Spanish-American War? A. The US helped build the Panama Canal B. The Great White Fleet went on a world tour C. The US helped build the Suez Canal D. The US gained the territory of Guam
The Spanish-American War (1898) Causes – U.S. wanted to help Cuba win independence from Spain U.S. had economic interests in Cuba U.S. saw Spain’s control of Cuba as a test of Monroe Doctrine – Monroe Doctrine: stated that the Americas were off limits to further European colonization – U.S. wanted to build an empire U.S. needed raw materials and markets for its goods Strong nationalism – Americans wanted their nation to be powerful, wealthy, and competitive with the European powers – U.S. newspapers blamed Spain for explosion of USS Maine
The Spanish-American War (1898) Effects – U.S. quickly defeated Spain and became a world power – U.S. acquired Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Philippines, and Guam U.S. temporarily occupied Cuba and set up a military government Cuba and the Philippines eventually gained independence
Intervention in Latin America Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine – Declared the U.S. as the police power of the Western Hemisphere – Established U.S. “economic imperialism” throughout Latin America Panama – U.S. supported Panama’s independence from Colombia in exchange for the right to build and control the Panama Canal
From the introduction: The United States gained recognition as a world power during what war? What U.S. warship exploded in Havana harbor? U.S. victories over Spain caused what to become independent? How long was Cuba a Spanish colony?
Fighting in Cuba, 1898 How many major battles happened in Cuba? How many US. Blockade ships were around Cuba?
America’s Overseas Empire 1903 What oceans holds most of the U.S. territories? What territories were taken in 1867? What are two territories taken in 1898? What year did the U.S. take over the Panama Canal Zone?
Panama Canal Video Clip Diagram Why would the United States want to make the Panama Canal?