Presentation on theme: "Common terms needed to understand literature and writing (PART 1)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Common terms needed to understand literature and writing (PART 1) Literary DevicesCommon terms needed to understand literature and writing(PART 1)
2 ARCHTYPEDefinition: An original after which other similar things are patternediPod= mp3 player Superhero=Superman Villain=Darth VaderEx:
3 ATMOSPHERE Definition: The way that setting affects the mood of a work Ex: a graveyard, a birthday party, a haunted house, a battle field, etc
4 CHARACTERIZATIONDefinition: The process used to understand a characterEx: “He can’t walk down the street without everybody staring at him. When we were ten, he was almost 6 feet tall and people who didn’t know him treated him older.”
5 DYNAMIC CHARACTERDefinition: A character that experiences a change of heart or point of viewEx: Simba (The Lion King)Marlin (Finding Nemo)
6 STATIC CHARACTERDefinition: A character that remains the same throughout the plotEx: The Evil Stepsisters (Cinderella)Zeus (Greek Mythology)Timon and Pumba (Lion King)
7 CONFLICTDefinition: The struggle between two opposing forces (any problem that occurs in a story)Ex: Internal conflict (man vs. self)War (man vs. man)Titanic sinking (man vs. nature)The Civil Rights Movement (man vs society)Fulfilling destiny? (man vs. fate)
8 DICTION ANGRY= $10 word! FURIOUS= $50 word!! ENRAGED= $100 word!!! Definition: The use of selective word choiceEx: MAD= $5 wordANGRY= $10 word!FURIOUS= $50 word!!ENRAGED= $100 word!!!
9 FORESHADOWINGDefinition: Clues that indicate what may happen later in the storyEx: Intense music in scary movies,“dark clouds rolling in”“I hope nothing bad happens!”
10 IMAGERYDefinition: Writing that creates a mental picture for the readerEx: When you read a book, you often visualize the characters and scenes. When they make a movie, we are often disappointed because the filmmakers idea is different than ours. This is due to IMAGERY!
11 IRONYDefinition: The contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaningORwhen something seems to be the opposite of what it is supposed to beEx: The inventor of theSegway dies in Segway accident!
12 METAPHOR Definition: A comparison that does NOT use like or as Ex: You are an angel!That test was torture!
13 MORAL Definition: A universal lesson taught by a story Ex: “ Don’t judge a book by its cover”“ Slow and steady wins the race”“ “Better safe than sorry”
14 OXYMORON Definition: a phrase that combines words that are opposites Ex: Jumbo ShrimpQuiet Riot Loud Silence
15 PERSONIFICATIONDefinition: A figure of speech that gives human characteristics to non-living (inanimate) objectsEx: “My car hates me.”“ Facebook is my best friend.”
16 PLOT Definition: The events that take place in a story (a.k.a.-what happens!)Ex: Nemo gets captured, Nemo lives in the tank, Nemo escapes, Nemo goes home!
17 POINT OF VIEW Definition: The perspective from which a story is told Ex: In any conflict there are many different points of view
18 FIRST PERSON POINT OF VIEW Definition: A story that is told by a character using 1st person pronouns like: I, ME, MYEx: I couldn't believe my eyes!
19 THIRD PERSON POINT OF VIEW Definition: A story that is told by a narrator outside the storyEx: Joseph couldn't believe his eyes!
20 SETTING Ex: Freedom Writers Setting, 1990’s Los Angeles post-LA Riots Definition: The place, time and circumstances surrounding a storyEx:Freedom WritersSetting,1990’s Los Angelespost-LA Riots
21 SIMILE Definition: A comparison that uses like or as Ex: You sing like a bird!You are as light as a feather!
22 SYMBOLDefinition: a person, object or place that represents the meaning of something elseEx:
23 THEMEDefinition: A message the author wants the reader to think about and understandEx: Coming of Age, Identity,Love Conquers All