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15.3 Energy Resources.

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Presentation on theme: "15.3 Energy Resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 15.3 Energy Resources

2 Review What is energy, kinetic, potential? What is energy conversion?
What’s the law of conservation of energy?

3 Nonrenewable Energy Resources
Nonrenewable Energy Resources- exist in limited quantities and, once used, cannot be replaced except over the course of millions of years These resources are being used much faster than they can be replaced… Include: oil, natural gas, coal and uranium

4 Nonrenewable Energy Resources
Fossil Fuels- were formed underground from the remains of once-living organisms Ex: oil, natural gas, and coal Currently, fossil fuels account for the great majority of the world’s energy use Their use creates pollution 

5 Renewable Energy Resources
Renewable energy resources- resources that can be replaced in a relatively short period of time. Most renewable resources originate directly or indirectly from the sun Include: hydroelectric, solar, geothermal and wind energy

6 1) Hydroelectric Energy
Hydroelectric Energy- energy obtained from flowing water Some hydroelectric power plants simple depend upon the natural flow of water in a river Most rely on dams build across rivers A dam blocks the flow of water, storing potential energy that is converted into kinetic when the water is released Low cost to produce, lack of pollution


8 2) Solar Energy Solar Energy- sunlight that is converted into usable energy Passive solar designs use sunlight to heat a building without using machinery For example. Sunlight passing through the windows of a house may be absorbed by thick walls and then radiate thermal energy In an active solar system, sunlight heats flat collection plates through which water flows The heated water may be used directly for the buildings hot water needs, or it may be used to heat the house

9 **Solar Energy is non-polluting but for areas where cloudy days are frequent, solar energy is less practical

10 3) Geothermal Energy Geothermal Energy- thermal energy beneath the Earth’s surface The geothermal power plant pumps water into the ground, where it turns into steam. The steam is then used to drive electric generators. Non polluting, but it not widely available

11 Conserving Energy Resources
Energy Conservation- finding ways to use less energy or use energy more efficiently Making appliances, cars, and even light bulbs more energy efficient is a way or reducing energy use while still enjoying its benefits Energy-efficient purchases often cost more initially, but can save money in fuel costs over time

12 Page 466 Problems 1-5

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