Presentation on theme: " Key questions: What has caused people to migrate from Sudan? Keywords: Migration - the permanent movement (more then 1 year) of people from one place."— Presentation transcript:
Key questions: What has caused people to migrate from Sudan? Keywords: Migration - the permanent movement (more then 1 year) of people from one place to another Forced migration (have to move to another area or country e.g. war, famine, natural hazards) Voluntary migration (movement of people looking to improve quality of life e.g. climate, work, friends
1. Mexican farm workers looking for work in USA 2. English explorers searching for new land in North America 3. African slaves shipped to North and South America to work in factories and on plantations 4. Mr Eames working in El Salvador 5. Chinese people moving to Central America to leave a communist government 6. Young El Salvadorians moving to San Salvador to find a good job and entertaining lifestyle 7. Ethiopian and Sudanese nomads moving South to find water and good soils 8. Elderly, retired Americans moving to the warm climate of Florida 9. Afghanistan refugees finding shelter in Pakistan 10. Indian graduates moving to England to become doctors Internal?Voluntary?Forced?External?
HOW DID THE CONFLICT START? THE CONFLICT BEGAN IN DARFUR IN 2003 AFTER A REBEL GROUP BEGAN ATTACKING GOVERNMENT TARGETS, SAYING THE REGION WAS BEING NEGLECTED BY KHARTOUM. THE REBELS SAY THE GOVERNMENT IS OPPRESSING BLACK AFRICANS IN FAVOUR OF ARABS. DARFUR HAS FACED MANY YEARS OF TENSION OVER LAND AND GRAZING RIGHTS BETWEEN THE MOSTLY NOMADIC ARABS, AND FARMERS FROM THE FUR, MASSALEET AND ZAGHAWA COMMUNITIES. THERE ARE TWO MAIN REBEL GROUPS, THE SUDAN LIBERATION ARMY (SLA) AND THE JUSTICE AND EQUALITY MOVEMENT (JEM) BUT THERE ARE NOW MORE THAN A DOZEN REBEL GROUPS - MAKING PEACE TALKS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT. HOW DID THE GOVERNMENT RESPOND TO THE REBELLION? IT ADMITS MOBILISING "SELF-DEFENCE MILITIAS" FOLLOWING REBEL ATTACKS BUT DENIES ANY LINKS TO THE JANJAWEED, ACCUSED OF TRYING TO "CLEANSE" BLACK AFRICANS FROM LARGE AREAS OF TERRITORY. REFUGEES FROM DARFUR SAY THAT FOLLOWING AIR RAIDS BY GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT, THE JANJAWEED RIDE INTO VILLAGES ON HORSES AND CAMELS, SLAUGHTERING MEN, RAPING WOMEN AND STEALING WHATEVER THEY CAN FIND. THERE IS VERY STRONG EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THE ARGUMENT THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS ARMING AND SUPPORTING THE JANJAWEED.
During the video look for the following; 1. Causes of the conflict 2. Impacts of the conflict – socio-economical, political and environmental