Background History Sudan was under British control until 1956 Since then, Sudan has been in civil war, except for one decade - from 1972-1982 During this time, there was a cease- fire in Sudan Arabs and Muslims dominate the Sudanese government
Groups of the Darfur There are 3 major African tribes in Darfur Fur Masalit Zaghawa These tribes have farmed the most fertile land in Darfur for generations Arab nomads herd cattle each year in northern Darfur
From Peace to War The Africans’ crops are being trampled by the Arabs’ herds of cattle and camels The Africans have resorted to self defense to protect their crops and are receiving no governmental support
The Arabs and the Government Many Sudanese people believe that the Arabs are being supported by the government Similar uniforms Coup in 1889 which led to a military supportive government The Janjaweed is a Arab militia in Darfur This groups raids homes of civilians The Government and the Janjaweed has displaced over 1.5 million civilians
Homeless People, Ruined Towns A displaced refugee resting after 34 days of walking to safety The remains of a town ruined by the Janjaweed officers
Has the Government Helped? The Sudanese Government’s only attempt to help the Africans was by declaring a ceasefire – the Ceasefire has not been at all successful CEASEFIRE- an order to stop fighting, or a suspension of hostile activities; truce Overall, the government has done nothing, other then denying the rumors about helping the Janjaweed
Omar al - Bashir Sudanese President Denied anything to do with the Janjaweed and referred to them as “thieves and gangsters”
International Help and Views Aid agencies have set up refugee camps, but have complained of lack of resources and Sudanese Bureaucratic interference Since so many countries are arguing about what to do with the situation in Darfur, not much international help has been received.