4 Conflict In Darfur Guerilla conflict/Civil War. Centered on the Darfur region of Sudan.Began in February 2003.Two very similar indigenous groups that have coincided in life for many years have started a conflict causing many crimes against humanityThe most common language in Darfur is Arabic.Darfur is one of the most diverse ethnic places in the world
6 Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) Formed in 2000Against the Sudanese GovernmentRebel GroupLed by Khalil IbrahimAllies with the Sudan Liberation MovementMember of the Eastern FrontEastern front is a collation of rebel groups operating in SudanOn December 25th, 2011 The leader Khalil Ibrahim was killed by the Sudanese People’s Armed Forces.
7 Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) Formed in 2002Sudanese Rebel GroupAllies with the Justice And Equality MovementGroups within the SLMLed by Minni Minnawi, Other groups led by Abdul Wahid al Nur
8 Alliance Of Revolutionary Forces Formed January 20th, 2006Justice and Equality MovementSudan Liberation MovementMerged to form a single rebel allianceKhalil Ibrahim Quoted “We have set up this union in the interest of the people of Darfur”.
9 Janjaweed Formed in 1987 Arabic words for man, gun, and horse Armed militiaThe Janjaweed would get help from Sudan's government and military.In conflict with Darfur rebel groupsArab herders
10 Why Did This Genocide Start? SLM and JEM accused the Sudanese Government of oppressing non Arab Sudanese in favor of Sudanese Arabs.The Government is mostly ArabGovernment was said to be doing an Arab apartheid (segregation or discrimination against other races)The Arabs monopolized power and excluded blacksThe civil war started because of various small attacks on government controlled areas by rebels.The government is accused of trying to carry out the ethnic cleansing of non Arabs in Darfur.The Africans are farmers and the Arabs are herders
11 Omar al-Bashir President of Sudan, since 1989 In July of 2008 he was prosecuted in the international criminal court for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.Charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity but not on genocide.Re-trial in July 2010 and the court found sufficient evidence for the charges of genocide.In August 2010, he was arrested
12 Atrocities Families are driven from their home Women are being raped Civilians are being targetedOver 400,000 have died in DarfurAround 2 million people were forced to relocate and they faced starvation and diseaseExecutionsDue to economic, political, religious and ethnic reasons civilians are being are being discriminated against90% of the government’s weapons come from China
13 Why Is Darfur A Genocide? Young African males would be murderedAfrican women would be raped by the Arabs because the child’s race was determined by the father’s raceArab villages are being spared while neighboring refugee villages are being attackedThe Sudanese government claims that it is not a genocide, they are simply defending themselves.
14 United Nations After Nazi Germany the world said “Never Again” The crimes in Darfur still continue to this dayThe UN joined Darfur in 2004 and they are continuing to help increase Darfur’s defenses.Peacekeeping missionsSecurity has tightened and the killings are starting to decrease
15 Our Opinion To see a genocide in such modern times is horrific We think that the atrocities could come to a stand still if the UN put more troops in DarfurAfter our Armenia, The holocaust, and Rwanda, we still haven't learned from our various mistakes.