Stephanie, Deborah, Mikelie. Classification It started by Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) groups in Darfur.
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Presentation on theme: "Stephanie, Deborah, Mikelie. Classification It started by Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) groups in Darfur."— Presentation transcript:
Classification It started by Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) groups in Darfur took up arms, accusing the Sudanese government of oppressing non- Arab Sudanese in favor of Sudanese Arabs.
Symbolization Janjaweed are pastoral black Arab tribesmen who have long despised the black African farmers who practice settled agriculture Peace Flag - In June 2011, a new Darfur Peace Agreement was proposed by the Joint Mediators at the Doha Peace Forum. Darfur status referendum will be stopped.
Dehumanization Reports of the Janjaweed (militia) pillaging and taking advantages of people. These dehumanize the Darfur people, allowing further violence to continue. Crimes against humanity.
Organization By 2007, about 200 000 people had been killed and about 2.5 million had fled their homes. The UN imposed economic sanctions and investigated into war crimes, but violence continued
Polarization Post-independence governments have tried to undermine the authority of traditional tribal leaders and to instrumentalize them in order to gain control of Darfur. Arab and African identities given to the perpetrators and victims
Preparation In recent years the National Islamic Front regime, in Khartoum, has refused to control increasingly violent Arab militia raids of African villages in Darfur. Identification of villages of non-Arab or African villages have been made and arranged to be attacked Animated by a radical Islamism and sense of Arab racial superiority, the movement engaged in genocide almost from the time it seized power.
Extermination The Janjaweed (militia) and Sudanese Armed Forces raided villages of non- Arabic and African majority/descent. Once thriving villages have had buildings burned, water sources poisoned, irrigation systems torn up, food and seed stocks destroyed, livestock stolen and fruit trees cut down. There have also been mass displacements and coercive migrations, forcing millions into refugee camps or over the border.
Denial Sudanese authorities claim a death toll of 19,500 civilians while NGO’s such as the Coalition for International Justice, claim that over 400,000 people have been killed. Other organizations published statements which said that mortality rates have been misleading There is obvious conflict in numbers across the world between the Sudanese government and other organizations internationally. The government has systematically obstructed access to Darfur and blocked international efforts to establish a relief program.
Resources http://www.scribd.com/doc/3218927/Darfur-Article http://www.scribd.com/doc/3218927/Darfur-Article http://fletcher.tufts.edu/forum/archives/pdfs/32-1pdfs/Lanz.pdf http://fletcher.tufts.edu/forum/archives/pdfs/32-1pdfs/Lanz.pdf http://www.google.ca/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi http://www.google.ca/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi Social Studies 20 Text Book