2 What is a psychoactive drug? A drug that affects the brain.What are illegal drugs?A drug whose production or use is prohibited or strictly controlled via prescription.What are Controlled Substances?A drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by the government and under legislative control.This may include illegal drugs and prescription medications.
3 Why is illegal drug use dangerous? dangerous/permanent damage to brain and bodybecome addictedmajor factor in suicide, accidents and crimesrisk of spreading disease through sharing needlescan result in overdosedrug use leads to making irresponsible decisions
4 The reasons people begin using drugs are similar to the reasons they begin to drink or smoke. What are these reasons?* Desire to experiment* Desire to escape depression/boredom* Enjoyment of risky behavior* Belief that drugs solve personal problems* Peer pressure* Media glamorizing drug use
5 Steps to AddictionRegular drug useToleranceDependenceAddiction
6 Drugs that lead to the use of other drugs are called what? Gateway drugsWhat are the 3 most common ones?TobaccoAlcoholMarijuana
7 DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS Depressants Stimulants Hallucinogens All drugs, legal and illegal, are classified into different categories based on their similar effects on the mind and body.DepressantsStimulantsHallucinogensClub/DesignerOpiates
8 What are…DEPRESSANTS? Drugs that slow down the central nervous system. Ex: slowed breathing and heart rate, and may make it hard to speak (slurred speech) or move properly.People using depressants may feel sleepy and relaxed.Depressants are most often prescribed for anxiety and sleep disorders.
9 Common Depressants Alcohol Barbiturates Tranquilizers Ambien Rohypnol (Roofies)
10 What are…STIMULANTS? Drugs that speed up the central nervous system. People using stimulants may feel happy and excited, and have more energy, concentration or motivation.Stimulants make it difficult to sleep and suppress your appetite.Most stimulants have more side effects than other drugs.
11 Common StimulantsCaffeineNicotineCocaineAmphetaminesBath salts
12 What are…HALLUCINOGENS? Hallucinogens change the way people see, hear, feel or think.Most common hallucinogen is LSD.LSD leads the user to a serious disconnect from reality.LSD users call an LSD experience a “trip,” usually lasting 12 hours or so. When things go wrong, which often happens, it is called a “bad trip,” another name for a living nightmare!
13 Common Hallucinogens Marijuana (mild) Mushrooms LSD Spice/K2/Synthetic Marijuana**Video on picture
14 What are… CLUB/DESIGNER DRUGS? Psychoactive drugs that tend to be abused by teens and young adults at bars, night clubs, and raves.Their properties and effects are similar to known hallucinogens or narcotics, but have a slightly altered chemical structure.
15 Common Club DrugsEcstasyPCPGHBKetamineMethLSDRohypnol (Roofies)
16 What are…OPIATES? Powerful, highly addictive drugs Also known as narcoticsPowerful, highly addictive drugsDerived from the poppy plantUsed to relieve pain
17 Common OpiatesMorphineHeroinOxycontinPercosetVicodin/hydrocodone
18 Let’s take a look atsomeof the mostcommonIllegal drugs.
19 What is…MARIJUANA?Marijuana is a word used to describe the dried flowers, seeds, and leaves of the Indian hemp plant.The cannabis plant, from which marijuana is derived, contains the chemical THC which creates the distortion.
20 Effects of Marijuana SHORT-TERM LONG-TERM Sensory distortion Panic/AnxietyLowered reaction timeAfter an initial “up,” the user feels sleepy or depressedIncreased heart rateApathy, drowsiness, lack of motivationPersonality and mood changesRapid destruction of lung fibers and lesions to the brain could be permanentReduction of male sex hormonesReduced resistance to common illnesses (cold, bronchitis)
21 YES, you can build a tolerance and a dependence to it. MarijuanaMarijuana can actually be classified as a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogen based on the strand or potency, but for all intents and purposes, we will classify marijuana as a mild hallucinogen.Can you become dependent on marijuana?YES, you can build a tolerance and a dependence to it.
22 Can marijuana use affect your driving? If so, how? Yes, much like how alcohol affects your driving.It can slow your reaction time and impair your judgment.
23 Marijuana and SchoolMarijuana and school don’t mix. Marijuana makes it harder for users to concentrate and slows down thinking.One of the prevalent effects of marijuana is the decline in school performance.Marijuana damages the user’s memory and things such as simple math problems become extremely difficult.
24 Drugs that are inhaled as vapors. What are…INHALANTS?Drugs that are inhaled as vapors.The 2 most common inhalants used for medical reasons are…Laughing GasAsthma Inhaler
25 What type of effects might you experience from inhalants? Hyperactivity, loss of inhibitions, dizziness, loss of coordination, difficulty speaking and thinking, fear, anxiety, depression, DEATH**VIDEO on Air Duster picture
26 What is…ECSTASY?Ecstasy is a synthetic, psychoactive drug chemically similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline.Ecstasy (MDMA) produces feelings of increased energy, euphoria, and distortions in time and perception.**VIDEO on pictureMost commonly called “molly.”Coined terminology when on the drug – “rolling.”
27 Extremely Addictive Narcotic What is…HEROIN?Extremely Addictive NarcoticMost heroin is injected, creating additional risks for the user, who faces the danger of AIDS or other infections along with addiction.**VIDEO
28 What is…COCAINE? Cocaine was originally developed as a painkiller. Most often sniffed with the powder absorbed into the bloodstream through the nasal tissues.Most rapid form of absorption is through injection, but this increases the risk of overdose.**VIDEO
29 What is…CRACK COCAINE?Crystal form of cocaine that is heated and smoked.It is so named because it makes a cracking or popping sound when heated.The most potent/riskiest form in which cocaine appears.Smoking crack allows it to reach the brain more quickly and brings an intense and immediate high that last about 15 minutes.**VIDEO
30 What is…CRYSTAL METH? CLUB DRUG White, Crystalline Drug Develops a strong desire to continue using it because the drug creates a false sense of happiness and well-being --A “RUSH” of confidence, hyperactivity and energy.People take it by:SnortingInjectingSmokingOrally**VIDEO on picturemost commonly used as aCLUB DRUGtaken while partying in night clubs and at raves
31 A synthetic version of the male hormone What are…STEROIDS?A synthetic version of the male hormonetestosteroneWhat type of effects might this drug have on an adolescent’s body and mind?
32 Physical Effects increased cholesterol, rapid weight gain, Bones will mature early, growth can be stunted, can cause severe acne,increased cholesterol,rapid weight gain,liver damage,kidney tumors,heart diseaseand heart attacks.
33 Can cause breasts to grow in males. Can shrink the testesand reducesperm count.
34 Mental EffectsFeeling of paranoia, panic attacks, depression, anxiety and even suicidal thoughts
35 ROID RAGE Makes abusers more irritable and aggressive. can lead to violent behavior, crime, assault and rape.Makes abusers more irritable and aggressive.
36 With all the bad side effects, death included, why do you think people still use drugs?
37 What would be some alternatives to drug or substance use?