Presentation on theme: "Drugs Pros Medicine- prevent cure disease or disabling condition Taken when needed, as directed, for intended purposes Cons Used in a way not intended."— Presentation transcript:
Drugs Pros Medicine- prevent cure disease or disabling condition Taken when needed, as directed, for intended purposes Cons Used in a way not intended. Abused/ Illegal- using in ways not intended Violence
Drug Classes Stimulants Depressants –Narcotics Hallucinogens –Anabolic Steroids
stimulants Drugs that speed up the central nervous system, affecting heart rate & blood pressure. Caffeine- legal, found in many products…..cola, red bull…. Cocaine- Illegal cocaine
Cocaine Stimulant powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain In the early 1900s, it became the main stimulant drug used in most of the tonics/elixirs that were developed to treat a wide variety of illnesses Powder form- snorted or dissolved in water and injected Crack- rock form, not neutralized by an acid, smoked Short term effects Immediate-last minutes to a few hrs Euphoric, talkative, energetic Long Term Increased heart rate Addiction/ Tolerance Cardiac arrest/ Death
depressants Slows down most body functions, like breathing, heart rate, and coordination. Relax muscles, relieve tension and worry Tranquilizers Valium Alcohol Mixing can be dangerous and lead to death
narcotics The term "narcotic," derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that dulled the senses and relieved pain. Narcotics are used therapeutically to treat pain, and produce a general sense of well- being by reducing tension, anxiety, and aggression
Heroin Ilegal and highly addictive. Most abused and rapidly acting of the opiates Processed from morphine- brown or white powder Usually cut with other drugs or products- this can be dangerous and lead to overdose Intravenous- 7-8 seconds Sniffed or smoked- 15 minutes
hallucinogens Distort senses, causing you to see and hear things that are not there. LSD is an example of a hallucinogen drug LSD is sold on the street in tablets, capsules, and occasionally in liquid form. ingested orally. It is often added to absorbent paper
Anabolic Steroids Drugs that simulate the male hormone testosterone. some athletes use steroids to increase weight, strength, and muscle mass. Risk of contracting HIV
Anabolic Steroids androgenic (promoting masculine characteristics) anabolic (tissue building) steroids (the class of drugs). Anabolic steroids can be taken orally, injected intramuscularly, or rubbed on the skin when in the form of gels or creams. These drugs are often used in patterns called cycling Long Term effects-liver cancer, heart attacks, and elevated cholesterol levels. In addition to this, steroid use among adolescents may prematurely stop the lengthening of bones resulting in stunted growth
Marijuana The most commonly abused illicit drug in the United States. Marijuana is a green, brown, or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Hallucinogen, stimulant and depressant The main active chemical in marijuana is THC (delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol). Short-term effects of marijuana use include problems with memory and learning, distorted perception, difficulty in thinking and problem solving, loss of coordination, increased heart rate, and anxiety. Marijuana is usually smoked as a cigarette (called a joint) or in a pipe or bong.
Methamphetamine second only to alcohol and marijuana as the drug used most frequently in many Western and Midwestern states. highly addictive drug with potent central nervous system stimulant properties synthesized from precursor chemicals using relatively easy production methods that are commonly available on the Internet or in underground publications As a powerful stimulant, methamphetamine, even in small doses, can increase wakefulness and physical activity and decrease appetite. Oral ingestion or snorting produces a long-lasting high instead of a rush, which reportedly can continue for as long as half a day. Long-term methamphetamine abuse results in many damaging effects, including addiction, anxiety, insomnia.