WHAT IS FASD? FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) is an umbrella term used to describe the combination of birth defects and behavioral challenges in children whose mothers drank alcohol during pregnancy. FASD is a brain-based physical disability, as such it is permanent, life- long, and cannot be cured.. 34
FASD REFERS TO SPECIFIC CONDITIONS SUCH AS: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS) Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD)
FASD IS 100% PREVENTABLE. If no woman consumed any alcohol during her entire pregnancy, from conception to delivery, no child would be born with an FASD. NO amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy!!!!!
WHAT ARE POSSIBLE PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF FASD Dental Abnormalities Brain Damage Facial Anomalies Growth Deficiencies Defects of the heart, kidneys, and liver Vision and hearing problems Skeletal Defects
PREVALENCE OF FASD FASD occurs in 1 in 100 births (1% of all births) In comparison to other disorders: … Autism Spectrum Disorder-1 in 110 children are affected … Down Syndrome-1 in 1,000 children affected
EFFECTS ON THE POPULATION ARE AFFECTED BY AN FASD? 30% have alcohol and drug problems 42% have been in trouble with the law 45% engaged in inappropriate sexual behaviors 72% have experienced physical or sexual abuse, or domestic violence 100% could have been prevented Source for above numbers-”Understanding the Occurrence of Secondary Disabilities in Clients with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE)” by Ann P. Streissguth, Ph.D., Helen M. Barr, M.A., M.S., Julia Kogan, Ed.M., Fred L. Bookstein, Ph.D. (Final Report August 1996 CDC)