2 Lifestyle DiseasesThey are diseases that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors.Causes: a person’sHabitsBehaviorsPractices
3 Controllable Risk Factors Your diet and body weightYour daily levels of physical activityYour level of sun exposureSmoking and alcohol abuse
4 Uncontrollable Risk Factors Age- the body has a harder time protecting itself as it ages.Gender- certain diseases are more common among members of one gender (men- heart disease, women- breast cancer)Ethnicity- African Americans are more likely to develop high blood pressure, Mexican Americans- higher risk of diabetes, Asians lower risk of heart disease, European decent- higher risk of heart disease.Heredity- You can inherit chances of developing certain disease just as you inherit your hair or eye color.
6 Cardiovascular Diseases The diseases and disorders that result from progressive damage to the heart and blood vessels.Treating cardiovascular diseases: Diet and Exercise, Medicines, Surgery, Angioplasty, Pacemakers, TransplantsPreventing cardiovascular diseases: Relax, trim the fat, hold the salt, keep your weight healthy, don’t smoke, get moving
7 Cancer Malignant- invade and destroys healthy tissue A disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth.Tumors are a mass of uncontrolled growing cells that form a clump.Malignant- invade and destroys healthy tissueBenign- harmless cell massCauses:Certain viruses (HPV)Radiation (UV rays, X-rays)Chemicals in tobacco smokeAsbestos (material used in fireproofing)
8 Types of Cancer Breast Prostate Respiratory Colon Urinary Lymphoma SkinLeukemiaOvarianCervical
9 Detecting Treating Self-exam Biopsy X rays MRI Blood and DNA tests Surgery-remove tissueChemotherapy-use of drugsRadiation therapy- beam of radiation to fire at a tumorCombination- use any or all treatments
10 Preventing Cancer Don’t’ smoke! Wear sunscreen; stay away from tanning bedsEat your veggies and cut the fatStay activeGet regular medical check-ups
11 DiabetesA disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood-glucose levels result.Type 1- body’s inability to produce insulin (born with)Type 2- body’s inability to respond to insulin (develop)
12 Hereditary DiseasesDiseases caused by abnormal chromosomes or by defective genes inherited from one or both parents.Single-cell diseases- when one gene out of 30,000 to 40,000 genes has a harmful mutation.Complex Diseases- More than one gene influences the onset of a disease.
13 Immune DisordersThe immune system does not function properly resulting in a immune disorder.Some are relatively mild (allergies); others can be life threatening(AIDS)
14 Autoimmune DiseasesThe immune system attacks the cells of the body that it normally protects.Depending on the cells of the body destroyed, these attacks can result in many conditions.