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Bell Ringer: Pick up off the chair

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer: Pick up off the chair"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Ringer: Pick up off the chair
Non-Communicable Diseases 8.1h – Risk factors associated with non-communicable diseases. Bell Ringer: Pick up off the chair Complete both sides! Journal: How can lifestyle choices affect a person’s health? Inventory: Prevention and your Health

2 What is a Non-Comm. Disease?
Definition: Diseases that cannot be spread from person to person. EX: You cannot catch diabetes from someone who has this disease.

3 Congenital Disorders? All disorders that are present when the baby is born. EX: Cystic Fibrosis and Sickle-cell anemia

4 Heredity? Is the passing of traits from parents to their children.
EX: A pregnant woman who drinks alcohol may give birth to a child with fetal alcohol syndrome.

5 Lifestyle Choices and Diseases
Heredity, age, gender, and ethnic group are factors which people have no control. To decrease your risk of disease: Eat healthful foods Stay Physically Active Maintain healthy weight Get enough sleep Manage stress Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

6 Cancer? Definition: Is a disease characterized by the rapid and uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. It can affect people of all ages. 2nd leading cause of death in the U.S.

7 Tumor? A mass of abnormal cells. Tumors can be: Benign: Not Cancerous
Malignant: Cancerous

8 Types of Cancer: Skin Cancer Breast Cancer Reproductive Organ Cancer
Lung Cancer Colon and Rectal Cancer Leukemia Lymphoma

9 Diagnosing Cancer Dr’s can identify a group of abnormal cells when looking at the skin. They may feel a lump where the tissue should be soft. X-Rays/Scanning Equipment can also locate abnormal cell formations. If something suspicious shows up…a biopsy is done.

10 Biopsy? The removal of a sample of tissue from a person for examination.

11 Warning Signs of Cancer
Change in bowel of bladder habits. A sore that does not heal. Unusual bleeding or discharge. Thickening or lumps in the body. Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing. Obvious change in mole or wart. Nagging cough or hoarseness.

12 Treating Cancer Surgery Radiation Therapy Chemotherapy

13 Heart and Circulatory Problems:
Heart Disease: any condition that weakens the heart and blood vessels and makes them less functional.

14 2 types of Heart Disease:
Arteriosclerosis: A group of disorders in which arteries harden and become more rigid. Atherosclerosis: occurs when fatty substances in the blood build up on the walls of the arteries.

15 Other Cardiovascular Problems:
Hypertension: pressure of the blood on the walls of the blood vessels stays at a level that is higher than normal. Stroke: condition that occurs when an artery of the brain breaks or becomes blocked. Heart Attack: blood flow to the heart is reduced or blocked.

16 Treating Heart Disease:
Angioplasty: an instrutment is inserted into a blocked artery to clear blockage. Medications Pacemakers Bypass/Heart Valve Surgery Heart Transplants

17 Diabetes Def: a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy. Their bodies do not produce/properly use Insulin. Insulin: a protein made in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood.

18 Two Types of Diabetes: Type 1: the immune system attacks insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Often starts in childhood. Type 2: the body cannot effectively use the insulin in produces. 90-95% of diabetics have type 2, usually begins in adulthood.

19 Managing Diabetes: Healthy Eating Weight Management Insulin Injections
Medical Care

20 Arthritis Defintion: is a disease of the joints marked by painful swelling and stiffness. More then 40 million people in the United States have arthritis.

21 Two Types of Arthritis:
Osteoarthritis: disease that results from a breakdown in cartilage in the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis: a chronic disease characterized by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness in the joints.

22 Managing Arthritis Physical Activity and Rest (Balance)
A balanced eating plan Joint protection (Braces/splints) Heat and cold treatments Medication Massage Surgery and Joint Replacement

23 Allergies Definition: an extreme sensitivity to a substance.
Allergens: substances that cause allergic responses.

24 Common Allergens Pollen Food Insect bites or stings Plants

25 How to Manage Allergies:
Avoid the allergen. Take medication. Antihistamines. Get Injections.

26 Asthma: Definition: a condition in which the small airways in the lungs narrow, making breathing difficult. 20 million people in the US have asthma. About 1/3 of those people are under 18.

27 Managing Asthma: Manage the environment. Manage Stress Take Medication

28 Table of Contents:

29 Homework: Anything NOT finished!


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