2 1. Lifestyle diseasesDiseases caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors.
3 2. Controllable Risk Factors Factors include habits, behaviors, and practices one can change.DietBody weightPhysical activitySun exposureSmokingAlcohol consumption
4 3. Uncontrollable risk factors Risk factors that cannot be changed or controlledAgeGenderEthnicityHeredity
5 4. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Diseases and disorders that result from progressive damage to the heart and blood vessels.Leading cause of death in the United States
6 5. Risk Factors for CVD’s Smoking Being overweight High blood pressure High cholesterolDiabetes
7 6. High Blood Pressure (hypertension) Increased force exerted against walls of arteries which puts extra strain on the heart.“Silent Killer”; people don’t realize they have it until they have a heart attack.Hypertension can eventually damage the kidneys and eyes.
8 7. AtherosclerosisDisease characterized by the buildup of fatty materials on the walls of the arteries.
9 8. Heart attackThe damage and loss of function of an area of the heart muscle.Caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.
10 9. Stroke The damage and loss of function of an area of the brain. Caused by loss of blood flow to the brain.Blood clotBurst vessel
11 10. Detection of CVD’s Blood pressure Electrocardiogram – ECG or EKG UltrasoundAngiography
12 11. Treatment of CVD’s Diet and exercise Medications Surgery AngioplastyPacemakersTransplants
13 12. Preventing CVD’s Lower fat and salt intake Keep weight near recommended levelsDon’t smokeExercise regularlyMonitor blood pressureRelax!
14 13. CancerA disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth.
15 14. Tumors Masses of abnormal cells. Malignant Tumor – mass of cells that invades and destroys healthy tissue.Benign Tumor – non-cancerous mass of cells that develops in the body.
16 15. Causes of Cancer Genetics Carcinogens – cancer causing agents Certain viruses – HPV (cervical cancer)Radioactivity and ultraviolet radiation.Chemicals found in tobacco smoke.AsbestosToxic chemicals.
17 16. Detecting CancerSelf-examsBiopsyX-RaysMRIBlood and DNA tests
18 17. Warning signs of Cancer Change in bowel or bladder habits.A sore that doesn’t heal.Unusual bleeding or discharge.Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere.Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.Obvious change in a wart or moleNagging cough or hoarseness.
19 18. Treating Cancer Surgery Chemotherapy Radiation therapy Usually, a combination of the above mentioned treatments are used.
20 19. Preventing Cancer Don’t smoke Protect your skin Eat more vegetables and decrease fatStay active and maintain a healthy weightGet regular medical check-ups.
21 20. DiabetesThe body’s inability to produce sufficient amounts of insulin resulting in an inability to metabolize glucose.
22 21. InsulinA hormone produced in the pancreas that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream.
23 22. Diabetic comaLoss of consciousness due to a high concentration of blood sugar in the bloodstream.
24 23. Insulin ShockDisorder caused by high concentration of insulin and a low concentration of blood sugar.
25 24. Types of diabetes Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes.Body doesn’t make insulinType 2 DiabetesNon-insulin dependent diabetes.Commonly occurs in people over 40 and people who are obese.Gestational DiabetesDiabetes that occurs during pregnancy.
26 25. Treating DiabetesType 1: monitoring of blood-sugar levels and insulin injectionsType 2: diet and exercise. Weight control.Gestational: diet and exercise.
27 26. Preventing Diabetes No way to prevent Type 1 Diabetes. Reducing risk of Type 2 Diabetes.Maintain healthy weight.Avoid tobacco products.Monitor sugar intake.Reduce stress in your life.