Presentation on theme: "Fall 2013. There are two types of diabetes ◦ Type 1 and 2 Blood sugar is involved Insulin is involved You might need to take your blood sugar."— Presentation transcript:
There are two types of diabetes ◦ Type 1 and 2 Blood sugar is involved Insulin is involved You might need to take your blood sugar level Symptoms can be treated
In groups of 3-4 Research to find the answer to your assigned question on the next page. Be prepared to share what you learned with your classmates.
What is type 1 diabetes? What is type 2 diabetes? What causes diabetes? Is it hereditary? How does it hurt your body? Is it deadly? What are the symptoms? If you have other diseases, does diabetes affect them? How is your food intake related to diabetes? Is there a cure? How do you manage the symptoms?
Diagnosed as a child or young adult Life long Your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin You have a high blood sugar level Insulin is a hormone that converts sugar and starches into energy. Typically requires insulin injections
Adult onset More common than type 1 Can be caused by genetics and lifestyle factors – obesity Often related to heart disease Pancreases doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin is ineffective Liver might make too much sugar
Type one is caused by genetics Type two is mainly life style ◦ Obesity ◦ Poor diet (high sugar, high starch, highly processed) ◦ Lack of exercise
Linked to high blood pressure Linked to high cholesterol Two types of reactions. Too much insulin equals low blood sugar. Too little insulin equals high blood sugar. Both types can be deadly Poor circulation Nerve damage
Increased urination Increased thirst Increased hunger Unusual weight loss or gain Blurred vision or fatigue Cuts and wounds are slow to heal Tingling, pain, numbness in hands and feet
Diabetes is linked to ◦ Heart disease ◦ Nerve damage ◦ Kidney damage ◦ Blindness ◦ Amputation ◦ Skin and mouth conditions ◦ Hearing problems ◦ Pregnancy complications (gestational diabetes) ◦ Type one is linked to Celiac Disease Thyroid disorders
◦ Eat more balanced meals ◦ Watch carbohydrate intake ◦ Increase unsaturated fats ◦ Avoid sugar ◦ Exercise regularly ◦ Type 1 may need to intake sugar or inject insulin to manage blood sugar level
No cure for type 1 ◦ Stem cell research is showing promise ◦ Convert stem cells into insulin producing cells Treatment can be as good as a cure ◦ Weight loss – surgery or other method ◦ Improve diet ◦ Exercise