Presentation on theme: " An organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods. Characteristics of Religions: Establish basic ethical."— Presentation transcript:
An organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods. Characteristics of Religions: Establish basic ethical principles Sacred Texts Message reaches a diverse group of people Religions attempt to answer complex questions of human life. Why do we suffer? Why is there evil in the world? What happens to us when we die?
The Diaspora helped spread the ideas of Judaism. Synagogues (holy building) helped maintain the Jewish culture with Rabbis leading the services on Friday night and Saturday mornings. The principle of monotheism influenced Christianity and Islam. The emphasis on ethical conduct influenced the development of law in many lands.
Currently largest religion in the world Spread due to missionaries, wars, and imperialism Christian churches very powerful in World History and politics Crusades Renaissance Europe Social Issues (Poverty, Human Rights, Abortion)
610 AD -Muhammad – Angel told him he was the prophet of Allah (God), and he must spread the word Mecca – Holy Shrine to Allah and Muhammad After much struggle, Islam became the dominant religion in the Middle East Islam – “to submit” Muslims – “those who submit to God”
Qur'an – Holy Text: contains word of God as revealed to Muhammad Recognize Christian & Jewish prophets: Abraham, Moses, and Jesus Monotheistic Holy Day – Friday Worship in a mosque
Defines social classes (India’s Caste System) Mahabharata and Ramayana stories about Hindu gods, kings, and heroes conveyed religious and philosophical ideas and provided a model for Hindu life
Polytheistic Reincarnation Dharma (law, duty, and obligation) – reflects one’s social position Karma – consequences of one’s actions on reincarnation (reborn in lower caste)
Hindu beliefs are deeply woven into Indian society. Ganges River Hindu ideas and practices are followed around the world. Yoga – Hindu tradition adopted around the world
Based on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Embraced ideas of karma and reincarnation Didn’t emphasize complex rituals, caste system, or polytheism Focused on search for enlightenment (pure wisdom) Nirvana – a state of happiness and peace
Four Noble Truths Eightfold Path - set of guidelines to achieve enlightenment Reincarnation 1. Right understanding: Deeply understand the Four Noble Truths. 2. Right purpose: Live a life of selflessness, love, and nonviolence. 3. Right speech: Be careful and truthful in what you say. 4. Right action: Do not kill, steal, lie, or hurt others. 5. Right livelihood: Earn a living in ways that do no harm. 6. Right effort: Promote good actions and prevent evil actions. 7. Right mindfulness: Be aware of but not attached to your emotions, thoughts, or feelings. 8. Right concentration: Focus your mind with practices such as meditation.
Became leading religion in Southeast Asia, Central Asia, China, Korea, and Japan. Elements such as nirvana and meditation have spread across the world