Presentation on theme: "Influence of World Religions in the Contemporary World"— Presentation transcript:
1 Influence of World Religions in the Contemporary World
2 Five World ReligionsFive world religions have had a profound impact on culture and civilization.What are some characteristics of the five major world religions?
3 Monotheism Began in Palestine with the Jews Abraham is the founder of: JudaismIslam
4 Monotheism Begun by Abraham about 2000 BCE Common Beliefs: God created the universeGod continues to govern the universeThe Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God on Mt. Sinai and must be followed
5 Judaism Monotheism Ten Commandments of moral and religious conduct Torah: Written records and beliefs of the JewsFounder: Abraham
6 JUDAISM Followers are called Jews Believe that God made a covenant with Abraham and his people (Israelites)Adherents are worldwide, but most are in IsraelHoly book is the Torah (= the first five books of the Old Testament of Christian Bible)Worship in a Synagogue
7 Christianity Monotheism Jesus as Son of God Life after death New Testament: Life and teachings of JesusEstablishment of Christian doctrines by early church councilsWorship in a churchHoly Book: Bible
8 Islam Monotheism Muslim name for their God is Allah Muhammad, the prophetHoly Book: Qur’an (Koran)Mecca and MedinaStarted his religion in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This is the holiest city in Islam.
9 ISLAM Muslims worship in a mosque Muslims must follow the Five Pillars of Islam:Stating the FaithPrayer 5 times/day facing MeccaCharity to poorPilgrimage (Hajj)Fast during Ramadan
10 Buddhism Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) Four Noble Truths Eightfold Path to EnlightenmentSpread of Buddhism from India to China and other parts of Asia, resulting from Asoka’s missionaries and their writings
11 Buddhism Basic Tenets of Buddhism The world is full of suffering Meditation is our only escapeNirvana is the ultimate goalFollow the Eightfold Path
12 Eightfold Path Right Understanding Right Thought Right Speech Right ActionRight LivelihoodRight EffortRight MindfulnessRight Concentration
14 Polytheism Polytheism is the worship of more than one god. May accept gods from other religionsChoose your favorite god!
15 Hinduism Many forms of one god Reincarnation: Rebirth based upon karma Karma: Knowledge that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences
16 Polytheism Hinduism From India around 1700 BCE No single founder 3rd largest religionHoly Book: Rig VedaBrahman is the source of all divinity (holiness)Believe in reincarnation (soul is reborn many times based on Karma).
17 Caste SystemGood KarmaOK KarmaBad KarmaUntouchables
19 Essential Understanding and Question Five world religions have had a profound impact on culture and civilization. These religions are found worldwide, but their followers tend to be concentrated in certain geographic areas. (pp )Where are the followers of the five world religions concentrated?
20 Geographic Distribution of World’s Major Religions Judaism: Concentrated in Israel and North AmericaChristianity: Concentrated in Europe and North and South AmericaIslam: Concentrated in the Middle East, Africa, and AsiaHinduism: Concentrated in IndiaBuddhism: Concentrated in East and Southeast Asia
23 Contemporary Political issues…ethic/religious conflicts Developed and developing nations face many challenges. These include migrations, ethnic and religious conflicts…What are some challenges faced by the contemporary world?
24 Ethnic and Religious Conflicts Middle East –Muslim infighting (Sunni vs. Shi’a), Muslims (Arabs) vs. Jews (Israel), Strict vs. moderate, Muslims vs. Christians (United States)Northern Ireland –Protestants vs. CatholicsBalkans –Serbs, Bosnians, and Croats fight one another for land (their own nation) 1990s
25 Ethnic and Religious Conflicts Horn of Africa –Consists of Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. Drought, disease, and piracy has been a problem in this region.South Asia –Consists of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, et al… India and Pakistan have a history of disputes and with the war on terror Afghanistan and Pakistan are in the news.