Presentation on theme: "Click here for an awesome song!. Abraham – made covenant with God Shared with Judaism and Islam Israelites – Abrahams followers who were ancestors."— Presentation transcript:
Abraham – made covenant with God Shared with Judaism and Islam Israelites – Abrahams followers who were ancestors of the Jewish People Jewish lands fell to Babylonians Diaspora – spread of Jews across the world
Torah and Talmud – Key religious texts Ten Commandments were handed to Moses by God Monotheistic Sabbath – day of rest and prayer Usually Saturday Judaism also stresses the importance of equality and social justice.
The Diaspora helped spread the ideas of Judaism. Synagogues helped maintain the Jewish culture The principle of monotheism influenced Christianity and Islam. The emphasis on ethical conduct influenced the development of law in many lands.
Focus on life & teachings of Jesus Christ Jesus is considered the Son of God 12 Apostles – in charge of spreading the word of Jesus Jesus, killed & resurrected 3 days later Adopted by Roman Empire
Holy Bible Old & New Testaments Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit Still considered monotheism Sinners can achieve salvation Sabbath – Sunday Many practice Communion and Baptism
Currently largest religion in the world Spread due to missionaries, wars, and imperialism Christian churches were/are very powerful in World History and politics Crusades Renaissance Europe Social Issues (Poverty, Human Rights, Abortion)
Muhammad – Angel told him he was the prophet of Allah (God), and he must spread the word Mecca – Holy Shrine to Allah and Muhammad After much struggle, Islam became the dominant religion in the Middle East
Qur'an – Holy Text Recognize Abraham, Moses, and Jesus Monotheistic Holy Day - Friday Five Pillars 1. Acknowledge Allah as one and only God 2. Pray 5x toward Mecca 3. Charity 4. Fast during Ramadan 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca, if possible
1 Billion Followers Generally respectful of Christianity & Judaism Very influential in Middle Eastern Culture Shari’ah Law – Islamic Law adapted in many Muslim countries
Based on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Nirvana – a state of happiness and peace
Four Noble Truths Eightfold Path 1. Right understanding: Deeply understand the Four Noble Truths. 2. Right purpose: Live a life of selflessness, love, and nonviolence. 3. Right speech: Be careful and truthful in what you say. 4. Right action: Do not kill, steal, lie, or hurt others. 5. Right livelihood: Earn a living in ways that do no harm. 6. Right effort: Promote good actions and prevent evil actions. 7. Right mindfulness: Be aware of but not attached to your emotions, thoughts, or feelings. 8. Right concentration: Focus your mind with practices such as meditation.
Became leading religion in Southeast Asia, Central Asia, China, Korea, and Japan. Elements such as nirvana and meditation have spread across the world