Presentation on theme: "Religion Religion is a system of beliefs and practices that help people make sense of the universe and their place in it Why would people need to make."— Presentation transcript:
1 ReligionReligion is a system of beliefs and practices that help people make sense of the universe and their place in itWhy would people need to make sense of their world?
2 Deity – a deity is a godMonotheistic – a belief in one (mono) godPolytheistic – a belief in more than one godAtheistic – a belief that there are no gods
3 Religion and identity How does religion shape the identity of a person ?
4 How does religion shape the identity of a community?
5 Ritual – behaviors regularly practiced that often have personal or symbolic meaning
6 Piety – means to be deeply devoted to a religion Two types of religions and the difference between the two is how they get followers and at what scaleUniversalizing religion –(Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Sikhism) these are closely associated with a key individual who established the religion.Welcomes all people as potential membersMay actively work to get converts
7 Ethnic religion Civil religion Membership in an ethnic religion is usually conferred by birthRarely use missionaries to increase numbersJudaism, Hinduism, Shintoism (Japan)Civil religionWhen religious ideas, symbols and rituals are part of the political culture of an area.
8 Abrahamic FaithsReligions that have a historical association with AbrahamAbraham lived in the Middle East in the 19th century BCEJudaism, Christianity and Islam are often classified as Abrahamic faiths
9 Buddhism and Hinduism are Vedic faiths Buddhism and Hinduism are Vedic faiths. The Vedas are India’s oldest sacred writings and influenced the development of HinduismBuddhism separated from Hinduism
10 Judaism 13 million Jews world wide Israel is the only country in which the majority of the population is JewishAbraham is the patriarch (male head)Torah is holy book
11 Christianity Largest world religion with 2.3 billion adherents Promises forgiveness and eternal life through belief in JesusMany different forms of ChristianityWestern Christianity – Roman Catholics based in Rome. Broke into Protestant faiths in 1500’sEastern Christianity – Eastern Orthodoxy based Constantinople (Istanbul)
12 Islam Second largest religion 1/5 of world’s population calls themselves MuslimsFastest growing religion in the worldMuhammad is the founder. Born in 570 CE in Mecca (Saudi Arabia)God is called AllahHoly book – Qur’anSunnis – largest and most wide spread. Believed that after Muhammad’s death someone outside his family could succeed him
13 IslamShiites – believed that Muhammad’s successor should be someone from his family.
14 Hinduism Largest ethnic religion in the world. Most Hindus live in South Asia, specifically IndiaGreat diversity of religious beliefs and practicesBelief in reincarnation – existence is a cycle and souls are immortal.Karma is an important element of reincarnationBrahman is the supreme spiritual sourceHinduism has a large number of gods and goddess, each expressing different qualities of Brahman
15 BuddhismPrevalent in China, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. (also mixes with Confucianism)Founder is Siddhartha Gautama (6th century)He had a privileged life and when he saw suffering he felt the need to give up his life of comfort and seek a way to end human sufferingHe attained enlightenment by meditating (Buddha means enlightened one)Oldest Buddhist document is the Tripitaka
16 BuddhismBuddhists believe that suffering is linked to reincarnation and that to escape the cycle of reincarnation you need to achieve NirvanaThe Four Noble Truths of Buddhism are:Life brings sufferingDesire causes this sufferingThis suffering can be overcome and nirvana can be attainedDisciplining the mind and body by practicing proper thinking and behavior ends this suffering and leads to nirvanaThree major branches of Buddhism – Theravada, Mahayana and Tantrayana.
17 SikhismSmallest of the universalizing religions (23 million adherents)Guru is an inspired religious teacherSikh means discipleGuru Nanak ( ) founded SikhismSikhs believe that Guru Nanak experienced a divine (god like) revelation and began teaching and establishing Sikh communitiesIs influenced by Buddhism and IslamBelieves in one creator and emphasizes the importance of karmaHoly book is – Guru Guanth Sahib - contains hymns revealed to Guru Nanak and other gurus.