Presentation on theme: "Essential Questions According to Buddha, how do you overcome the desire for things like riches? What is nirvana? Who founded Buddhism and Hinduism? What."— Presentation transcript:
1 Essential QuestionsAccording to Buddha, how do you overcome the desire for things like riches?What is nirvana?Who founded Buddhism and Hinduism?What is reincarnation?What is karma?
3 HinduismNo single founder of Hinduism, emerged from a collection of ideas from many peopleThe five major beliefs are listed below, we will discuss first and then fill in the symbol column
4 Brahman Supreme God Multiple personalities everything is part of Brahmanthe goal in life is to unite atman (individual soul of the living) with Brahman (world soul that contains and unites all atmans)when a person understands the relationship between atman and Brahman, that person achieves perfect understanding (moksha) and a release from life in the this worldSuffering will cease
5 Multiple Gods Hindus worship many Gods and Goddesses Gods and Goddesses are part of BrahmanImportant Gods are Vishnu, Shiva, and BrahmaMONTHEISTIC!!!!
6 Brahma (creator), Vishnu (protector), and Shiva (destroyer) -even these have personalities-Today, you can choose which deity to worship
7 Dharma sacred duty CASTE SYSTEM individual dharma is determined by personality, age, sex, and social classfollowing dharma promotes harmony
8 Samsara the continuous cycle of birth, death, and rebirth the goal in life is to achieve moksha and be released from samsaraBy the process of reincarnation (rebirth), an individual soul or spirit is born again and again until moksha is achieved—Change of caste possibly….
9 Karmathe sum of good and bad actions are carried from one life to the nextgood and bad actions affect future life
10 IllustrationsOn the next slide will be a mandala, which has five images. Each represents one of the five major beliefs of Hindus.When you see the image, try to identify which image goes with which beliefs.Once the class discusses, we will draw the images in the correct boxes.
13 Intro to Buddhism Founder: Siddhartha Gautama Goal: To achieve enlightenment, or wisdom (how to end suffering)Buddha=Enlightened oneNirvana: the Buddha’s word for the release from selfishness and pain, which everyone (not just those at the top of the caste system) could reach by following the Eightfold Path
14 The Four Noble TruthsSuffering is present in all things, and nothing lasts forever.Suffering is caused by cravings (desires and wants).The way to end suffering is to give up all cravings.The way to give up all cravings is to live life according to the Eightfold Path (staircase, master one step at a time).
15 Some Similarities Buddha accepted the idea of reincarnation Accepted a repetitive view of history world is created and destroyed over and over againFinal goal Nirvana (same as Moksha)Rejected the many gods of Hinduismtaught a way of enlightenmentrejected the caste system
16 The Eightfold Path Right understanding Right purpose Right speech Develop a deep understanding of the Four Noble Truths.Right purposeLive a life of selflessness (not selfishness), love, and nonviolence.Right speechBe careful and truthful in what you say. Do not lie or gossip.Right actionDo not kill, steal, or lie. Be honest.
17 The Eightfold Path Right way to earn a living Right effort Do not work at a job that causes harm to people or living creatures.Right effortPromote good actions and prevent evil actions.Right mindfulnessBe aware of but not attached to your emotions, thoughts, and feelings.Right concentrationFocus your mind with practices such as meditation.
19 WHERE DID YOU GO ?Merchants/traders and missionaries traveled along Southeast Asian and Central Asian trade routesLarge following in northeast India, where the Aryans had less influenceOver time Buddha became a personality of the god Vishnuno need to convert, it was already part of their religion