Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

How does talking work? What are different types of speech?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "How does talking work? What are different types of speech?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How does talking work? What are different types of speech?

2 Speech communication is a process and cannot occur with a singular person.  Talking to yourself is NOT communication  Public speaking and conversations are not the same types of communication

3 Difference between Public Speaking & Conversations  PS is more highly structured  PS is a more formal process  PS requires a different method of delivery  Public Speakers do not necessarily receive immediate feedback. They must however, interpret nonverbal cues.

4 Components of the Speech Communication Process: the process through which meaning is crafted, sustained and communicated 1. Speaker: the person presenting an oral message to the listener 2. Message: whatever the speaker conveys to the auditors 3. Listener/Auditor: the person(s) receiving the message 4. Frame of Reference : the sum of a person’s knowledge, experience, goals, values and attitudes 5. Feedback: the messages, usually nonverbal, that are sent from the listener to the speaker 6. Interference : anything that effects the reception of the speaker’s message (Internal or External to the listener) 7. Situation : time and place in which the communication occurs

5 When a crafting a speech…  You should keep all of these components in mind:  Will I as a speaker be ready to speak?  Is my message prepared?  How will auditors receive it?  What types of nonverbal cues should I watch for?  What might interfere?  Where will I be speaking?

6 Organization: there are different ways to organize a speech  Chronologically: follow a time pattern  Spatially: directional pattern  Cause and Effect: first point explains a situation or idea and the following points enumerate the effects or results of the initial point  Problem and Solution: first points explain a dilemma or issue while the others propose or reject manners in which to resolve the problem  Topical: a main topic is subdivided into smaller supporting topics

7 After you choose your focus for your Speech of Introduction, you must decide how to organize it.

8 Your introduction to ANY speech should :  1. State and establish the importance of your topic  2. Have a clear thesis that clearly conveys your thesis  3. Establish your credibility… (how?)  4. Preview the rest of your speech

9 Within the body you need examples and evidence that…  Prove the importance of the topic  Startle or interest the audience  Arouse curiosity

10 You also must have a conclusion… It should…  Signal to the audience that you are about to end the speech  Reinforce the audience’s understanding of the thesis  Do NOT say “In conclusion…”

11 Let’s look at the rubric and requirements for your first speech:  Go to Sharepoint and download the rubric for the “Speech of Self Introduction”

Download ppt "How does talking work? What are different types of speech?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google