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Social Inequality & Social Stratification

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Presentation on theme: "Social Inequality & Social Stratification"— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Inequality & Social Stratification
Week 5: Online

2 Social Inequality v. Stratification
Inequality = Unequal rewards Stratification = Groups created by or groupings that create unequal rewards

3 Social Inequality Unequal sharing of scarce resources and social rewards How are rewards distributed? Caste system: (closed system, movement impossible) Scarce resources and social networks are distributed on the basis of ascribed statuses Class system: (open system, movement possible?) Rewards are determined on the basis of achieved statuses

4 Social Class A social class is a group of people who share a similar economic position in society based on their wealth and income. Therefore, social class is essentially an economic stratification system.

5 Social Class (Max Weber)
What determines social class? Wealth: income, property, assets Power: The ability of people or groups to achieve their goals despite opposition by others (Ex: political parties) Prestige: The respect person or status position is shown by others (Ex: doctors)

6 Social Mobility Social mobility refers to the movement within the social structure, from one social position to another (changing social statuses). Types of mobility: Horizontal Vertical

7 Social Mobility Horizontal mobility: A change in occupational position or role without a change of position in the social hierarchy Vertical mobility: Movement from one status to another Movement within the social hierarchy A change within the lifetime of an individual to a higher or lower status than the person had to begin with Horizontal examples: When a rural laborer comes to the city and becomes an industrial worker or a manager takes a position in another company there are no significant changes in their position in the hierarchy. Those are the examples of horizontal mobility. Vertical examples: But if an industrial worker becomes a businessman or lawyer he has radically changed his position in the stratification system.

8 Social Stratification
R. W. Murray defines social stratification as: “… arrangement of any social group or society into hierarchy of positions that are unequal with regard to power, property, social evaluation, and psychic gratification.” The division of society into classes, categories, or ranks. Division in society, leads to social inequality.

9 Social Stratification
Groups created by or groupings that create unequal rewards. Most common divisions: Class Race Ethnicity Gender Sexuality We will spend the next few weeks discussing these stratification systems

10 “Invisible Inequality: Social Class and Childrearing in Black Families and White Families.” (Lareau)
Ethnography of middle class and working class white and black families with 10-year-olds Class differences in the home impacting children’s life chances (parenting styles and child’s future opportunity) Class matters, in terms of social class Middle class families: Concerted cultivation Working class families Accomplishment of natural growth Who receives more advantages in life?

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