Presentation on theme: "All societies distinguish among their members on the basis of certain characteristics."— Presentation transcript:
All societies distinguish among their members on the basis of certain characteristics.
Almost every society in the course of human history has separated its members on the basis of certain characteristics. Sociologists call this division of society into categories, ranks, or classes social stratification.
The unequal sharing of scarce resources and social rewards. What is scarcity?
In these systems, scarce resources and social rewards are distributed on the basis of ascribed statuses. Your status is determined by the status of your parents. Effort and talent may affect someone’s position within a caste, but they cannot help that person move to a higher status.
This is how India’s social classes were divided until 1950. However, in rural areas, where most Indians live, this system still plays a major role in organizing every day life.
EXOGAMYENDOGAMY Marriage outside of one’s own social category. Marriage within one’s own social category.
In these systems the distribution of scarce resources and rewards is determined on the basis of achieved statuses.
Who owns the means of production? The owners of the means of production are the bourgeoisie. The workers who sell their labor in exchange for wages are called the proletariat.
Believed that class consists of 3 factors: Property Prestige Power
A person’s wealth is made up of his or her own assets- the value of everything the person owns- and income -money earned through salaries, investments, or other capital gains. In the U.S., wealth is concentrated in the hands of a small minority of the population.
People with great wealth also usually possess great power. Power is the ability to control the behavior of others, with or without their consent.
Prestige is the respect, honor, recognition, or courtesy an individual receives from other members of society. Factors include: income, occupation, education, family, background, area of residence, possessions, and club memberships.
The ranking of people according to wealth, power, and prestige possible, sociologists often calculate people’s SES. This rating consists of social factors such as: Educational level Occupational prestige Place of residence income