Presentation on theme: "Introduction Lesson 1. Objectives Identify the major elements of culture. Explore the types of govt and economies that have developed. Describe."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives Identify the major elements of culture. Explore the types of govt and economies that have developed. Describe factors that cause cultures to change.
Warm Up Pick a part of the world and list 3 things you’d like to learn about the lives of the people who live there.
Culture How would you define culture? “Elements of culture”? All things that make up a people’s way of life. Social org, customs, language, arts & lit, religion, govt, economy
Religion Meaning & purpose of life Values Monotheism vs. Polytheism Major world religions? Judaism Christianity Islam Hinduism Buddhism
T-P-S: “Think-Pair-Share” Religious differences often fuel conflict. Can you provide any examples? N.Ireland Protestants & Catholics Middle East Jews & Muslims Indian Hindus & Muslims (Kashmir) Russian Christians and Chechen Muslims African Christians & Muslims (Sudan)
Government Person/People in Power, Laws & Institutions Purpose? Order & Security Major Types Democracy – People govern ○ Republic – Elect officials Monarchy – King/Queen/Emperor Dictatorship – Rule by one or small group ○ “Democratic Republics” – are neither!
Economy How society manages limited resources to satisfy unlimited wants & needs 3 Basic Questions: What to produce? How to produce? For whom to produce?
Economic Systems Traditional Econ Relies on custom, subsistence (survival) Market Econ Relies on consumer choice (buy & sell) Command Econ Govt controls production & cost Mixed Econ Govt involvement in markets
S-A-T: “Stop and Think” Describe 3 elements that help give a culture its identity. Religion Government Economy Language Arts, Lit, Customs
Cultural Change What factors cause cultures to change? Technology Environment Diffusion Mvmt of ideas from one place to another ○ War & Conquest ○ Travel & Trade
Cultural Change New transportation & communication rapidly increase contact & change Benefits? More goods & ideas to more people Drawbacks? Threatens foundations/traditions Share bad things (disease, econ collapse)
Closure Why is it important to increase awareness of other cultures? Tolerance & acceptance End ethnocentrism / racism Interconnectedness