2 ELEMENTS OF CULTURE Culture All things that make up a person’s way of life.7 ElementsSocial OrganizationCustoms & TraditionsLanguageArts & LiteratureReligionForms of GovernmentEconomic System
3 SOCIAL ORGANIZATION Family Patterns Nuclear Family (Traditional) Comprised of mother, father, and childrenExtended Family (Non-Traditional)Several generations in one houseFarming communities, religious groups, EconomicSocial ClassesBased on money, occupation, education, ancestry, or other factorsHow do you increase your social class?Marriage, Education, MoneyYou can move down in the social class too.
4 Customs & TRADITIONS & LANGUAGE Different Customs (Culturally Acceptable)GreetingsSitting Cross LeggedDressingBusinessSocialLanguage – Cornerstone of cultureUsesCommunicate: thoughts, feelings, and knowledgePassing on beliefs to new generationsAll cultures have a language BUT not all have a written (Ebonics)
8 ARTS & LITERATURE & RELIGION Styles of Arts and LiteratureArt, Music, Books, Movies, StoriesUsed to teach culture and entertainReligion – Linked to ArtsMajor World ReligionsHinduismBuddhismJudaismChristianityIslamMonotheismBelief in one GodPolytheismBelief in multiple Gods
9 Three questions of religion: 1. Where did we come from?
20 Atheism: Don’t believe in any divinity or spiritual existence
21 Sect: A religious group, division, “branch” or faction
22 FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Why do we need an organized government? People Organized GovernmentHistoricallyChiefs or EldersToday: National GovernmentsThousands of officialsCollect taxes, enforce laws, and administer justiceTypes of Government’s TodayDemocracyPeople have supreme powerRepublicForm of Democracy; people select leaders to represent themDictatorshipRuler or group holds power by force
23 Economic system Traditional Economy Produce what they need to survive Hunting and Gathering, Farming, and HerdingSurplus is tradedMarket EconomyBuying and SellingCommand EconomyGovernment controlledIndividuals have little economic powerMixed EconomyIndividuals and Government make decisionsCars are a great example: People pick & Government sets standards