2 Objectives Students will be able to: Define culture Explain the characteristics of cultureIllustrate the characteristics of cultureCompare and contrast culturesDefend their knowledge of culture and it’s characteristicsCreate a concept map for culture
3 I. What is culture?The body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people.OriginLatin“to care for”To care aboutTo adore or worship somethingTo take care ofTo nurse or look after something
4 II. Elements of Culture Social Organization When a culture organizes its members into smaller groupsWhat might some smaller groups be in a culture?Family is the most important unit of social organizationNuclear family – husband, wife and childrenExtended family – several generations in one householdSocial Classes a way to rank people in order of statusWhat can social class be based on?
5 II. Elements of Culture Customs and Traditions Language Rules of behavior (written and unwritten)What are some examples of customs and traditions in culture?LanguageImportant for communication and passing on traditions and beliefsShould English be the official language of the United States?
6 II. Elements of Culture Arts and Literature Religion Teach about a culture’s valuesPromote cultural pride and unityWhat some examples in America of arts and literature that promote values, pride, and unity?ReligionMonotheism – belief in one godPolytheism – belief in more than one godHenotheism - belief in one god without denying the existence of othersWhat examples of religion in the United States?
7 II. Elements of Culture Forms of Government People form governments to provide for their common needsTypesDemocracy: people have supreme powerRepublic: people choose leaders to represent themDictatorship: a ruler or group holds power by force
8 II. Elements of Culture Economic systems Four types Traditional: people produce most of what they need to surviveMarket: basic economic questions are answered by buying/selling goods and servicesCommand: government controls answers to economic questionsMixed: individuals make some economic decisions, the government makes othersWhat type of economic system does the United States utilize? Explain.
9 III. Ways cultures change TechnologyEnvironment changesNew ideasDiffusion - movement of customs and ideas from one place to another
10 IV. Impacts on culture Ethnocentrism Racism Judging other cultures by the standards of your ownAssuming your own culture to be the bestRacismBelief that one racial group is naturally superior to anotherRace is a culture thing. It does not actually, physically exist
11 Assignment Create a concept map of culture Language Social OrganizationsCultureUse the examples we generated in class, and create some of your own. BE CREATIVE!